Zongcan Zhou

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Genetic polymorphisms of cytochrome p450 (CYP1A1) and glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) genes are thought to have significant effects on the metabolism of environmental carcinogens and thus on cancer risk, but the reported results are not always consistent. In this meta-analysis, we assessed reported studies of associations between polymorphisms of these(More)
Manganese (Mn) is known to induce mitochondrial dysfunction in excessive dose; however the mechanisms underlying its action are not elucidated clearly. To determine if Mn2+ can act directly on mitochondria or indirectly by producing reactive oxygen species (ROS), isolated mitochondria were exposed to different concentration of Mn2+ (5, 50, 500, 1000(More)
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element found in many enzymes, however, excessive Mn-exposure can result in manganism which is similar to Parkinson's movement disorder. The mechanisms of manganism are not well-known. The present in vivo study was carried out to determine whether endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress) and ER stress-mediated apoptosis(More)
In the present study, we investigated the effects of manganese chloride (MnCl2) on cell cycle progression in A549 cells used as a model of Mn-induced lung toxicity. Cells were treated with various concentrations of MnCl2 (0, 0.01, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 mM) for 24, 48 or 72 h. Cell proliferation was determined with MTT assay and mitotic index measurement and(More)
In order to elucidate the feasibility of predicting liver and kidney target-organ toxicity using in vitro cytotoxicity assay, cytotoxicity of selected chemicals, acetaminophen (AAP), mitomycin (MMC), cupric chloride (CuCl2), phenacetin, cadmium chloride (CdCl2) and aristolochic acid (AA), was studied using human hepatoma (Bel-7402) cells and human renal(More)
Human exposure to wood dust has been epidemiologically linked to a number of enhanced incidences of various neoplasias, including those of the nose. Among different suspected woods, long-term exposure to the dust of beech (Fagus silvatica) is strongly associated with development of these tumors. Experimentally, it has been shown that a simple alcoholic(More)
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element found in many enzymes. As is the case for many essential trace elements, excessive Mn is toxic. Individuals suffering from manganese toxicity exhibit several symptoms, which are similar to those frequently observed in cases of Parkinson's disease. In this investigation, we studied the effect of manganese chloride(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of diethyl sulfate (DES) on cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and apoptosis in human bronchial epithelial 16HBE cells. Cells were treated with various doses of DES (0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 or 8.0mM) for 12, 24 or 36h. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were determined by MTT assay and flow cytometer,(More)
To probe the mitochondrial involvement in Mn intoxicity, aliquots of brain mitochondria samples from control and treated (30 mg/kg manganese chloride, ip) male Sprague-Dawley rats were separated by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) and searched for protein abundance changes induced by Mn exposure. The electrophoretic separation(More)
In the present study, we investigated the proteomic profiling of anti-benzo(a)pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide (anti-BPDE)-transformed human bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE-C) and its parental cell line (16HBE) G0/G1 cells. Differential analysis of proteomic profiling indicated that 67 polypeptides were down-regulated and 77 polypeptides were(More)