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In this paper, we propose an image super-resolution approach using a novel generic image prior - gradient profile prior, which is a parametric prior describing the shape and the sharpness of the image gradients. Using the gradient profile prior learned from a large number of natural images, we can provide a constraint on image gradients when we estimate a(More)
This paper introduces a novel examplar-based inpainting algorithm through investigating the sparsity of natural image patches. Two novel concepts of sparsity at the patch level are proposed for modeling the patch priority and patch representation, which are two crucial steps for patch propagation in the examplar-based inpainting approach. First, patch(More)
In this paper, we propose a novel generic image prior-gradient profile prior, which implies the prior knowledge of natural image gradients. In this prior, the image gradients are represented by gradient profiles, which are 1-D profiles of gradient magnitudes perpendicular to image structures. We model the gradient profiles by a parametric gradient profile(More)
The special importance of L<sub>1/2</sub> regularization has been recognized in recent studies on sparse modeling (particularly on compressed sensing). The L<sub>1/2</sub> regularization, however, leads to a nonconvex, nonsmooth, and non-Lipschitz optimization problem that is difficult to solve fast and efficiently. In this paper, through developing a(More)
As compared to the conventional RGB or gray-scale images, multispectral images (MSI) can deliver more faithful representation for real scenes, and enhance the performance of many computer vision tasks. In practice, however, an MSI is always corrupted by various noises. In this paper we propose an effective MSI denoising approach by combinatorially(More)
In this paper, we address the problem of estimating and removing non-uniform motion blur from a single blurry image. We propose a deep learning approach to predicting the probabilistic distribution of motion blur at the patch level using a convolutional neural network (CNN). We further extend the candidate set of motion kernels predicted by the CNN using(More)
In this paper, a new concept called nonlinear measure is introduced to quantify stability of nonlinear systems in the way similar to the matrix measure for stability of linear systems. Based on the new concept, a novel approach for stability analysis of neural networks is developed. With this approach, a series of new sufficient conditions for global and(More)
In this paper, a concept of degree of population diversity is introduced to quantitatively characterize and theoretically analyze the problem of premature convergence in genetic algorithms (GAs) within the framework of Markov chain. Under the assumption that the mutation probability is zero, the search ability of GA is discussed. It is proved that the(More)