Zongbao K Zhao

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Cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) play major roles in generating highly functionalized terpenoids, but identifying the exact biotransformation step(s) catalyzed by plant CYP in terpenoid biosynthesis is extremely challenging. Tanshinones are abietane-type norditerpenoid naphthoquinones that are the main lipophilic bioactive components of the Chinese medicinal(More)
Triacylglycerols are among the most attractive alternative raw materials for biofuel development. Current oil plant-based technologies are limited in terms of triacylglycerol production capacity and rate. These limitations may be circumvented by biotransformation of carbohydrates into lipids; however, our understanding of microbial oleaginicity remains(More)
BACKGROUND Biochemical conversion of lignocellulose hydrolysates remains challenging, largely because most microbial processes have markedly reduced efficiency in the presence of both hexoses and pentoses. Thus, identification of microorganisms capable of efficient and simultaneous utilization of both glucose and xylose is pivotal to improving this process.(More)
Nitrogen-limited conditions have been routinely prepared for efficient lipid production by oleaginous microorganisms. However, it is difficult to attain high cellular lipid contents with natural nitrogen-rich substrates. In the present study, we showed that lipid accumulation by Rhodosporidium toruloides Y4 was directly linked to the carbon to phosphorus(More)
Microbial lipid is a potential alternative feedstock for the biodiesel industry. New culture strategies remain to be developed to improve the economics of microbial lipid technology. This work describes lipid production by the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides Y4 using a 15-l bioreactor with different substrate feeding strategies. Among these(More)
Two-stage fermentation process was used for lipid production by Lipomyces starkeyi AS 2.1560 in glucose solution without auxiliary nutrients. In the first stage, cells were cultivated in a nutrient-rich medium for propagation. In the second stage, cells were resuspended in glucose solution to achieve high cellular lipid contents. The effects of the inocula(More)
The malic enzyme-encoding cDNA (GQ372891) from the oleaginous yeast Lipomyces starkeyi AS 2.1560 was isolated, which has an 1719-bp open reading frame flanked by a 290-bp 5' untranslated sequence and a 92-bp 3' untranslated sequence. The proposed gene, LsME1, encoded a protein with 572 amino acid residues. The protein presented 58% sequence identity with(More)
Jerusalem artichoke (JA) is a perennial herbaceous plant widely available as non-grain raw material. Microbial lipid has been suggested as a potential feedstock for large scale biodiesel production. This paper describes lipid production using JA tuber processed by oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides Y4. Batch and fed-batch modes were tested with(More)
Lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysis inevitably coproduces byproducts that may have various affects on downstream biotransformation. It is imperative to document the inhibitor tolerance ability of microbial strain in order to utilize biomass hydrolysate more effectively. To achieve better lipid production by Rhodosporidium toruloides Y4, we performed(More)
Microbial production can be advantageous over the extraction of phytoterpenoids from natural plant sources, but it remains challenging to rationally and rapidly access efficient pathway variants. Previous engineering attempts mainly focused on the mevalonic acid (MVA) or methyl-d-erythritol phosphate (MEP) pathways responsible for the generation of(More)