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Shear stress, especially low shear stress (LowSS), plays an important role in vascular remodeling during atherosclerosis. Endothelial cells (ECs), which are directly exposed to shear stress, convert mechanical stimuli into intracellular signals and interact with the underlying vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The interactions between ECs and VSMCs(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Physiological mechanical stretch in vivo helps to maintain the quiescent contractile differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Here, we investigated the effects of SIRT1 in VSMC differentiation in response to mechanical cyclic stretch. METHODS AND RESULTS Rat VSMCs were(More)
Interaction between endothelial cells (ECs) and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays an important role in vascular biology. Cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix provides critical environmental information necessary for cell migration, proliferation, differentiation and survival. In this study, the role of VSMCs in EC adhesion was demonstrated by(More)
The arterial system is subjected to cyclic strain because of periodic alterations in blood pressure, but the effects of frequency of cyclic strain on arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) remain unclear. Here, we investigated the potential role of the cyclic strain frequency in regulating SMC alignment using an in vitro model. Aortic SMCs were subject to(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs) are known to have an important role in modulating vascular biology. MiR21 was found to be involved in the pathogenesis of proliferative vascular disease. The role of miR21 in endothelial cells (ECs) has well studied in vitro, but the study in vivo remains to be elucidated. In this study, miR21 endothelial-specific knockout mice were(More)
The increased proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play important roles in pathophysiological remodeling of arteries during hypertension in pregnancy. However, the mechanisms involved in this process remain unclear. We hypothesized that Neuropeptide Y (NPY), which is a potent mitogenic peptide, participates in modulating(More)
The interactions between endothelial cells (ECs) and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play significant roles in the homeostasis of the blood vessel during vascular remodeling. Cell adhesion and spreading are an essential process for VSMC migration, survival and proliferation in the events of vascular physiology and pathophysiology. However, effects of(More)
Phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is known to be modulated by mechanical strain. The present study was designed to investigate how different frequencies of mechanical strain affected VSMC phenotype. VSMCs were subjected to the strains of 10% elongation at 0, 0.5, 1 and 2 Hz for 24 h using a Flexercell strain unit. VSMC(More)
AIMS Low shear stress (LSS) plays a significant role in vascular remodelling during atherogenesis, which involves migration, proliferation, and apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The aim of the present study is to elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which LSS induces vascular remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS Using proteomic techniques,(More)
Cyclic strain is an important inducer of proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) which are involved in vascular remodeling during hypertension. However, its mechanism remains to be elucidated. VSMCs of rat aorta were exposed to cyclic strains in vitro with defined parameters, the static, 5%-strain (physiological) and 15%-strain(More)