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OBJECTIVE To assess the relationships between BMI and walking speed, balance control, sit-to-stand performance (a measure of mass specific lower limb power), and endurance. DESIGN AND METHODS Thirty-six women with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2) and 10 women with normal body weight (BMI between 18 kg/m(2) and 25 kg/m(2) ) were enrolled in this observational study. The(More)
AIMS Aim of this study was to evaluate a possible association between endocannabinoid (EC) plasma levels, such as anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), and coronary circulatory function in obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS Myocardial blood flow (MBF) responses to cold pressor test (CPT) and during pharmacological vasodilation with dipyridamole(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity has been associated with significant abnormalities of the cardiac autonomic regulation. However, the precise impact of increasing body weight on cardiac autonomic function and the metabolic and hormonal contributors to these changes are presently unclear. The aim of our study was to explore in subjects with increasing values of body mass(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical, methodological and reporting aspects of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in order to determine the efficacy of therapeutic patient education (TPE). METHODS A thorough search of the medical and nursing literature recorded in MedLine database from 1999 to August 2009 was conducted using the keywords: patient(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a new biofeedback training method based on visual delivery of information in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA). DESIGN Intervention study with prepost design. SETTING Hospitalized care in a university referral center. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=11) (age 56.1+/-9.0 y) shortly after THA. INTERVENTION A mobile system has(More)
UNLABELLED Patients with diabetes have been shown to suffer from increased fall risk. However, authors disagree as to whether only diabetic patients with neuropathy, or also those without neuropathy, present gait alterations. Existing studies evaluate gait indoors, i.e. in specialized gait laboratories. This study evaluates gait parameters in diabetic(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of high peak plantar pressure (PP) in the development of foot ulcer is well known. However, few studies have analyzed the real impact of callosities on plantar pressure and ulcer formation. METHODS The plantar pressure (PP) in patients with diabetes mellitus was studied in three groups, of a total number of 33 type 2 diabetic(More)
AIMS To evaluate the distribution of plantar pressure during walking on a level gradient in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus without any microvascular and macrovascular complications and to compare them with non-diabetic control subjects. METHODS A group of 15 patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus without either peripheral neuropathy or peripheral(More)
Abnormal and excessive plantar pressure is a major risk factor for the development of foot ulcers in patients with loss of protective pain sensation. Repeated pressure with each step can result in inflammation at specific points, followed by ulcer formation. Patients with peripheral nerve disease are unable to prevent the development of such lesions, which(More)
Elderly diabetic patients are particularly burdened by foot disease. The main causes for foot disease are peripheral neuropathy, foot deformities and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Other risk factors include poor vision, gait abnormalities, reduced mobility an medical co-morbidities. The risk of major amputations increases with age, along with the(More)