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Field observations of 400 totally unmanaged feral horses on Sable Island, Nova Scotia, were complemented by oestrogen determinations in faecal samples from 154 identified females over a 4-year period (454 mare-years). Of mares that were sampled throughout the year and subsequently produced foals, 92.1% exhibited elevated faecal oestrogens between 15 October(More)
Experiments were done to determine 1) whether the respiratory burst of superoxide anion (O2-) production in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) is triggered during antibody-dependent killing of tumor cells and 2) whether O2- production is essential for cytotoxicity. Three parameters of the respiratory burst (1-14C-glucose oxidation, oxygen consumption, and(More)
Macrophage cell-mediated cytolysis (M-CMC) of tumor cells may be measured by culturing target cells on macrophage monolayers and determining target cell survival by either Rb or H-thymidine incorporation. Using these techniques, one can demonstrate cytotoxicity of nonimmune human and rat macrophages to a variety of tumor cell lines. Toxicity becomes maximal(More)
Two different lymphotoxins synthesized by human blood lymphocytes stimulated with phytohemagglutin (PHA) are described. The two toxins are called alpha-LT and beta-LT relative to their elution order on gel chromatography. Their m.w. are 75,000 and 45,000 daltons, respectively. Both toxins appear as early as 7 hr after the addition of PHA, with the amount of(More)
The incorporation of uridine into RNA in lymphocytes undergoing transformation induced by phytohemagglutinin parallels its incorporation into the intratcellular pool of acid-soluble nucleotides and coincides with a 20-fold increase in the specific activity of uridine kinase. This increase is dependent upon synthesis of both RNA and protein and is subject to(More)
A method is described for the consistent in vitro generation cytotoxic cells by incubating Fischer 344 rat spleen cells on monolayers of a syngeneic mammary adenocarcinoma. Significant cytotoxicity by in vitro culture is generated as early as 3 days after initiation and effector cells are cytolytic only toward target cells of the sensitizing monolayer.(More)
Supernatant fluids of mitogen-activated human tonsil lymphocytes contain large amounts of a factor toxic to mouse L cells. This substance, with a m.w. of 80,000 +/- 5,000 daltons, is called alpha-lymphotoxin (alpha-LT), to differentiate it from another toxin elaborated by mitogen activated human blood lymphocytes, called beta-lymphotoxin (beta-LT), which(More)