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While there is strong evidence for the central role of the human MT+/V5 in motion processing, its involvement in motion adaptation is still the subject of debate. We used transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to test whether MT+/V5 is part of the neural network involved in the long-term adaptation-induced motion after-effect in humans. It was found(More)
The issue of interictal excitability of cortical neurons in migraine patients is controversial: some studies have reported hypo-, others hyperexcitability. The aim of the present study was to observe the dynamics of this basic interictal state by further modulating the excitability level of the visual cortex using transcranial direct current stimulation(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the temporal course of phosphene thresholds (PT) using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in control subjects and in subjects with migraine and to observe whether changes in PT over time can predict a subsequent migraine attack. PTs were measured in 16 migraineurs [nine with aura (MA) and seven without aura(More)
PURPOSE In the motor cortex (M1), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can effectively prime excitability changes that are evoked by a subsequent train of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). The authors examined whether tDCS can also prime the cortical response to rTMS in the human visual cortex. METHODS In nine healthy(More)
The aim of our study was to provide electrophysiological evidence about the modulation of the categorization process by task requirements in the human brain. Event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded during three different categorization tasks using matched stimulus sets. In all cases, the subjects were required to differentiate between "animal" and(More)
Electrical stimulation of the reticular nucleus of the rat thalamus results in activation of c-fos immunoreactivity in nerve cells of the ipsilateral retrosplenial cortex. The c-fos immunoreactive neurons are mainly concentrated in lamina IV of the retrosplenial cortex. Conversely, electrical stimulation of the retrosplenial cortex induced c-fos(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by a preferential loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNPC). Neurons in the SNPC are known to express tyrosine hydroxylase (TH); therefore, in a commonly used PD model, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), a selective catecholamine neurotoxin, induces(More)
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