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Potassium channels are regulated by protons in various ways and, in most cases, acidification results in potassium current reduction. To elucidate the mechanisms of proton-channel interactions we investigated N-terminally truncated Shaker potassium channels (Kv1 channels) expressed in Xenopus oocytes, varying pH at the intracellular and the extracellular(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) belong to the most widely prescribed and used pharmacological agents worldwide. Data gathered in the last decade show increased incidence of thrombotic events during NSAID administration. Analysis of NSAID usage and assessment of risk for development of cardiovascular adverse effects is needed for improving(More)
In this study vapour pressure osmometry was used to determine water activity in the solutions of organic acids. The surface tension of the solutions was also monitored in parallel and then Köhler curves were calculated for nine organic acids (oxalic, malonic, succinic, glutaric, adipic, maleic, malic, citric and cis-pinonic). Surface tension depression is(More)
In this study we examine the effects of ionic conditions on the gating charge movement in the fast inactivation-removed wild-type Shaker channel and its W434F mutant. Our results show that various ionic conditions influence the rate at which gating charge returns during repolarization following a depolarizing pulse. These effects are realized through(More)
The phylogeography of species associated with European steppes and extrazonal xeric grasslands is poorly understood. This paper summarizes the results of recent studies on the phylogeography and conservation genetics of animals (20 taxa of beetles, butterflies, reptiles and rodents) and flowering plants (18 taxa) of such, "steppic" habitats in Eastern(More)
Margatoxin (MgTx), an alpha-KTx scorpion toxin, is considered a selective inhibitor of the Kv1.3K + channel. This peptide is widely used in ion channel research; however, a comprehensive study of its selectivity with electrophysiological methods has not been published yet. The lack of selectivity might lead to undesired side effects upon therapeutic(More)
Some decades ago, biogeographers distinguished three major faunal types of high importance for Europe: (i) Mediterranean elements with exclusive glacial survival in the Mediterranean refugia, (ii) Siberian elements with glacial refugia in the eastern Palearctic and only postglacial expansion to Europe and (iii) arctic and/or alpine elements with large zonal(More)
The Kv1.3 potassium channel that belongs to the Shaker family of voltage-gated K(+) channels plays a crucial role in the mitogenic response of T cells. Because it spans the cell membrane its function can be influenced by lipid-protein interactions. In order to study the effect of lipid-protein interactions on the functioning of Kv1.3 we manipulated the(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the key elements of signaling of chondroprogenitor cells at the earliest steps of differentiation may substantially improve our opportunities for the application of mesenchymal stem cells in cartilage tissue engineering, which is a promising approach of regenerative therapy of joint diseases. Ion channels, membrane potential and(More)
The problem of monitoring arises when in an ecosystem, in particular in a system of several populations, observing some components, we want to recover the state of the whole system as a function of time. Due to the difficulty to construct exactly this state process, we look for an auxiliary system called an observer. This system reproduces this process with(More)