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To estimate the minimal gene set required to sustain bacterial life in nutritious conditions, we carried out a systematic inactivation of Bacillus subtilis genes. Among approximately 4,100 genes of the organism, only 192 were shown to be indispensable by this or previous work. Another 79 genes were predicted to be essential. The vast majority of essential(More)
When Bacillus subtilis is subjected to phosphate starvation, the Pho and sigma(B)-dependent general stress regulons are activated to elicit, respectively, specific and non-specific responses to this nutrient-limitation stress. A set of isogenic mutants, with a beta-galactosidase reporter gene transcriptionally fused to the inactivated target gene, was used(More)
When Bacillus subtilis is subjected to phosphate starvation, the Pho regulon is activated by the PhoP-PhoR two-component signal transduction system to elicit specific responses to this nutrient limitation. The response regulator, PhoP, and its cognate histidine sensor kinase, PhoR, are encoded by the phoPR operon that is transcribed as a 2.7-kb bicistronic(More)
The gene encoding the type II signal peptidase (SPase II) of Bacillus subtilis was isolated by screening a genomic DNA library of this bacterium for the ability to increase the levels of globomycin resistance in Escherichia coli, and to complement the growth deficiency at the non-permissive temperature of E. coli strain Y815 carrying a temperature-sensitive(More)
During phosphate starvation, Bacillus subtilis regulates genes in the PhoP regulon to reduce the cell's requirement for this essential substrate and to facilitate the recovery of inorganic phosphate from organic sources such as teichoic and nucleic acids. Among the proteins that are highly induced under these conditions is PstS, the phosphate-binding(More)
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