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Galectins are proteins that regulate immune responses through the recognition of cell-surface glycans. We present evidence that 16 human galectin genes are expressed at the maternal-fetal interface and demonstrate that a cluster of 5 galectin genes on human chromosome 19 emerged during primate evolution as a result of duplication and rearrangement of genes(More)
OBJECTIVE The alterations in contractile proteins underlying enhanced Ca(2+)-sensitivity of the contractile apparatus in end-stage failing human myocardium are still not resolved. In the present study an attempt was made to reveal to what extent protein alterations contribute to the increased Ca(2+)-responsiveness in human heart failure. METHODS Isometric(More)
The vanilloid receptor (TRPV1 or VR1) is a molecular integrator of various painful stimuli, including capsaicin, acid, and high temperature. It can also be activated by endogenous ligands, like the cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1) agonist anandamide. TRPV1 is well characterized at the terminals of sensory nerves involved in the pain pathway. There is also(More)
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a cause of pregnancy-associated heart failure. It typically develops during the last month of, and up to 6 months after, pregnancy in women without known cardiovascular disease. The present position statement offers a state-of-the-art summary of what is known about risk factors for potential pathophysiological mechanisms,(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) is increasingly recognized and usually referred to as diastolic heart failure (DHF). Its pathogenetic mechanism remains unclear, partly because of a lack of myocardial biopsy material. Endomyocardial biopsy samples obtained from DHF patients were therefore analyzed for(More)
1. Mechanical properties of permeabilized single fibres from rabbit psoas and soleus muscle were determined by measuring the length responses due to abrupt changes in load and the force responses due to isovelocity length changes at different phosphate and Ca2+ concentrations. 2. The length responses due to abrupt increases in load from psoas fibres showed(More)
Cooperative intelligent vehicle systems constitute a promising way to improving traffic throughput, safety and comfort. The state-of-the-art intelligent-vehicle applications usually can be described as a collection of interacting, highly autonomous, complex dynamical systems (the individual vehicles). The vehicles implement onboard a wide spectrum of(More)
OBJECTIVE To predict pregnancy outcome and multiple gestation using a common parameter by which hCG values are made comparable independently of the day of blood sampling. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING University-based IVF program. PATIENTS One hundred twenty IVF pregnancies conceived between November, 1995 and August, 1999. INTERVENTIONS None.(More)
Traffic congestion in highway networks is one of the main issues to be addressed by today's traffic management schemes. Automation combined with the increasing market penetration of on-line communication, navigation, and advanced driver assistance systems will ultimately result in intelligent vehicle highway systems (IVHS) that distribute intelligence(More)
The concentration dependences of the Ca(2+)-sensitizing and the phosphodiesterase-inhibitory effects of levosimendan (the (-) enantiomer of [[4-(1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-4-methyl-6-oxo-3-pyridazinyl)phenyl]hydrazono]propanedinitrile) and its active metabolite, OR-1896 (the (-) enantiomer of N-[4-(1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-4-methyl-6-oxo-3-pyridazinyl)phenyl] acetamide),(More)