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1. Extracellular single neuron activity was recorded in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) of awake, behaving monkeys, with particular regard to the feeding-related functional characteristics of glucose-sensitive (GS) versus glucose-insensitive (GIS) neurons. Firing rate changes were recorded by means of carbon fiber, multibarreled glass microelectrodes(More)
Our previous studies have demonstrated that gustatory neurons in the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) show altered responses after the acquisition of conditioned taste aversion (CTA) to NaCl. The present study was conducted 1) to examine centrifugal influences on the altered gustatory activity of CTA-trained rats, and 2) to evaluate the role of(More)
The nucleus accumbens (NAcc), an important basal forebrain structure, has a central integratory function in the control of feeding and metabolism. The primary cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β) exerts its neuromodulatory effects on the endocrine functions both centrally and peripherally. The present study was designed to elucidate the possible consequences of(More)
The lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) and globus pallidus (GP) are basically involved in the regulation of feeding and metabolic processes. In the LHA, glucose-sensitive (GS) neurons were described: their activity was found to be specifically suppressed by electrophoretic application of glucose, and these neurons appeared to be also influenced by various(More)
The nucleus accumbens, a key structure of the limbic circuitry, is involved in the regulation of motivated behaviors. The accumbens performs its roles via interconnections with brain areas where glucose-monitoring neurons have been localized. To search for such integrative chemosensory cells here, extracellular single neuron activity was recorded in the(More)
The globus pallidus (GP) is intimately involved in regulation of various aspects of hunger- and thirst-motivated behaviors. Our parallel neurochemical studies demonstrated the existence of GP neurons whose discharge rates are suppressed by glucose applied microelectrophoretically. In the present series of experiments, we aimed to provide complex,(More)
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) has been reported to be essential in neural control of feeding. In the present study, we aimed to provide a complex characterization of behavioral consequences of PFC microlesions in CFY rats. Kainic acid (KA) was microiontophoretically applied into the mediodorsal division of PFC to damage intrinsic neurons, whereas in another(More)
The mediodorsal prefrontal cortex (mdPFC), as an integrant part of the forebrain glucose-monitoring neural network, plays important roles in neural control of feeding. Previous studies suggested that streptozotocin (STZ) causes selective destruction of forebrain glucose-monitoring (GM) neurons leading to development of feeding disturbances. The goal of this(More)