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To study the role of the basal ganglia in learning of sequential movements, we trained two monkeys to perform a sequential button-press task (2x5 task). This task enabled us to examine the process of learning new sequences as well as the execution of well-learned sequences repeatedly. We injected muscimol (a GABA agonist) into different parts of the(More)
1. Neurons in the amygdala are implicated in mediating hedonic appreciation, emotional expression, and conditioning, particularly as these relate to feeding. The amygdala receives projections from the primary taste cortex in monkeys, offering a route by which it could gain access to the gustatory information required to guide feeding behavior. We recorded(More)
1. Extracellular single neuron activity was recorded in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) of awake, behaving monkeys, with particular regard to the feeding-related functional characteristics of glucose-sensitive (GS) versus glucose-insensitive (GIS) neurons. Firing rate changes were recorded by means of carbon fiber, multibarreled glass microelectrodes(More)
Our previous studies have demonstrated that gustatory neurons in the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) show altered responses after the acquisition of conditioned taste aversion (CTA) to NaCl. The present study was conducted 1) to examine centrifugal influences on the altered gustatory activity of CTA-trained rats, and 2) to evaluate the role of(More)
The middle cerebral artery (mca) was intraluminally occluded for one hour prior to reperfusion in the rat. Neuronal damage as well as motor imbalance were assessed in both acute and chronic stages with or without neural transplant in the striatum. In acute stage, argyrophil III staining demonstrated "collapsed" dark neurons in the ipsilateral striatum,(More)
Single neuron activity in the monkey lateral hypothalamus (LHA) was recorded by multibarreled electrode during a bar press feeding task. Activity of glucose-sensitive (GS) neurons decreased during bar press (BP) and reward (RW) periods. The inhibition was caused by activation of beta-adrenoceptors and opioid receptors respectively. Glucose-insensitive (GIS)(More)
The lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) and globus pallidus (GP) are basically involved in the regulation of feeding and metabolic processes. In the LHA, glucose-sensitive (GS) neurons were described: their activity was found to be specifically suppressed by electrophoretic application of glucose, and these neurons appeared to be also influenced by various(More)
The nucleus accumbens, a key structure of the limbic circuitry, is involved in the regulation of motivated behaviors. The accumbens performs its roles via interconnections with brain areas where glucose-monitoring neurons have been localized. To search for such integrative chemosensory cells here, extracellular single neuron activity was recorded in the(More)
For the understanding of pathophysiology of the cerebral ischemia, we made a transient intraluminal occlusion of the middle cerebral artery in the rat and investigated the appearance of collapsed dark neurons and the extravasation of serum proteins using argyrophil III method and immunohistochemistry. In the acute stage (minutes to 3 days), dark neurons(More)
The globus pallidus (GP) is intimately involved in regulation of various aspects of hunger- and thirst-motivated behaviors. Our parallel neurochemical studies demonstrated the existence of GP neurons whose discharge rates are suppressed by glucose applied microelectrophoretically. In the present series of experiments, we aimed to provide complex,(More)