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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess visual information processing and cognitive functions in unaffected siblings of patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and control subjects with a negative family history. METHODS The siblings of patients with schizophrenia (N = 25), bipolar disorder (N = 20) and the controls subjects (N = 20) were(More)
Despite significant advances in pharmacologic therapy of depression over the past two decades, a substantial proportion of patients fail to respond or experience only partial response to serotonin re-uptake inhibitor antidepressants, resulting in chronic functional impairment. There appears to be a pattern of symptoms that are inadequately addressed by(More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia is associated with perceptual organization deficits and abnormal neuronal connectivity has been described in early visual areas. The purpose of this study was to investigate the functional integrity of lateral connections in early visual areas of patients with schizophrenia and type I bipolar disorder with a history of psychosis. (More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility that 'theory of mind' (ToM) impairments are associated with schizophrenia liability. METHOD Forty healthy control subjects and 79 first-degree biological relatives of schizophrenia patients (32 siblings and 47 parents) received the Eyes Test, during which subjects are asked to choose the(More)
Patients with schizophrenia are especially impaired in the detection of spatial location if the briefly presented target stimulus is followed by a mask in a close temporal proximity (target location backward masking (BM) paradigm). It has been suggested that this phenomenon is related to the impairment of low spatial and high temporal frequency-sensitive(More)
Clozapine has been the gold standard for treatment of patients with refractory schizophrenia but is associated with serious safety liabilities. This has prompted the search for therapeutic alternatives for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of olanzapine versus clozapine in schizophrenic(More)
Bilateral temporoparietal hypoperfusion is a characteristic single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) finding in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Lactate is a metabolic vasodilator and is known to provoke increased cerebral blood flow (CBF) in healthy adults. This work investigated whether lactate, which is present in high concentrations in AD(More)
Studies examining visual processing in schizophrenia have provided inconsistent results. In this study, the authors measured static and dynamic visual contrast sensitivity (CS) in patients with schizophrenia (n=20) and control subjects (n=15). Extrapyramidal symptoms were evaluated with the Simpson-Angus scale. In the static condition, the patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated impaired explicit and preserved implicit memory functions in schizophrenia. However, it is less clear whether schizophrenics can learn complex information (e.g. probabilistic stimulus response associations) with or without access for conscious recollection. In this study we applied a classification learning task(More)
Molecular components of the dopaminergic system may play an important role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In this study, we investigated the relationship of the Ser9Gly (S/G) polymorphism of the dopamine D3 receptor (DRD3) and the variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism of the dopamine transporter (DAT) with therapeutic response to(More)