Zoltán Chadaide

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While there is strong evidence for the central role of the human MT+/V5 in motion processing, its involvement in motion adaptation is still the subject of debate. We used transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to test whether MT+/V5 is part of the neural network involved in the long-term adaptation-induced motion after-effect in humans. It was found(More)
PURPOSE In the motor cortex (M1), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can effectively prime excitability changes that are evoked by a subsequent train of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). The authors examined whether tDCS can also prime the cortical response to rTMS in the human visual cortex. METHODS In nine healthy(More)
Nitroglycerin, often used as a migraine model, results in increased number of c-fos immunoreactive secondary sensory neurons in the caudal trigeminal nucleus. Since synapses between first- and second-order trigeminal neurons are mediated by excitatory amino acids, NMDA receptors are presumably inhibited by kynurenic acid, the only known endogeneous NMDA(More)
The issue of interictal excitability of cortical neurons in migraine patients is controversial: some studies have reported hypo-, others hyperexcitability. The aim of the present study was to observe the dynamics of this basic interictal state by further modulating the excitability level of the visual cortex using transcranial direct current stimulation(More)
Humans are able to recognize objects when surface details, such as colour, texture and luminance gradients, are not available. By systematically eliminating colour, texture, shading, contrast and inner contours from given objects, we tested whether certain shape-selective inferior temporal cortex (IT) neurons of awake rhesus monkeys remain selective for(More)
Perceived boundaries without physical differences between shape and background are called illusory contours (ICs). ICs and real contours (RCs) activate the early processing stages of the macaque visual pathway and the occipitotemporal areas of the human visual system in a similar way. However, it is not known how these contours are processed further in the(More)
The responses of single neurones in the inferior temporal cortex of awake macaque monkeys to chromatic and achromatic stimuli were investigated, with the aim of determining whether colour-independent processing occurs in this last unimodal area of the ventral visual pathway. There were no differences in the firing rate of the responses (responsiveness) or(More)
Nociceptive axons and terminals in the supratentorial cerebral dura mater display an intense calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity. In an experimental migraine model, it has been shown that electrical stimulation of the rat trigeminal ganglion induced an increase in the lengths of CGRP-immunoreactive axons, increased size and number of(More)
The latencies of the neuronal responses from the inferotemporal cortical cells were analyzed in animals performing a visual fixation task and a recognition task with the same stimulus set. A consistent reduction in response latencies of about 10 ms was observed in favor of the recognition task. It was found that behavioral relevance reduces the latency in(More)
Parkinson’s disease (PD), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by a preferential loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNPC). Neurons in the SNPC are known to express tyrosine hydroxylase (TH); therefore, in a commonly used PD model, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), a selective catecholamine neurotoxin, induces(More)