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The benzophenanthridine alkaloids sanguinarine, chelerythrine and chelidonine were reported previously to provoke cell death in a variety of tumor cells suggesting their potential application as anticancer agents. Here we tested their effects on a primary human uveal melanoma cell line, OCM-1. Flow cytometric analysis of annexin V binding/PI exclusion and(More)
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) may interact during transplacental transmission of HIV-1. The placental syncytiotrophoblast layer serves as the first line of defense of the fetus against viruses. Patterns of replication of HHV-6 variant A (HHV-6A) and HIV-1 were analyzed in singly and dually infected human term(More)
Survivin has recently been identified as a novel member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) gene family. The product of this gene not only suppresses apoptosis but also controls cell division. Survivin is undetectable in most terminally differentiated normal tissues but is expressed in embryonic and fetal organs and is present in most malignant tumours.(More)
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was applied for the detection of the retinoblastoma tumor-suppressor gene deletion on retinoblastoma tumor cells obtained from the unilateral tumor of a 3-month-old boy. Both retinoblastoma tumor cells and peripheral lymphocytes of the patient showed one hybridization signal per cell at the retinoblastoma-1 locus,(More)
The frequency and mechanism of p16(INK4A) and p14(ARF) gene alterations were studied in cell samples from 30 patients with Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), both at diagnosis and at the onset of the accelerated phase (AP) of the disease. No alterations in the p16(INK4A) or p14(ARF) genes were found in any of the chronic(More)
In this short communication, it is shown that 4-thio-uridylate (s(4)UMP, designated as UD29) inhibits glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), suggesting that the enol-form of the thiolated nucleotide may interfere with the function of the essential -SH group in the active center of the enzyme. Since HIV entry requires thiol/disulfide exchange(More)
Phenomena involving the disassembly of chromosomes to approximately 50 kbp double-stranded fragments upon protein denaturing treatments of normal and apoptotic mammalian nuclei as well as yeast protoplasts may be an indication of special, hypersensitive regions positioned regularly at loop-size intervals in the eukaryotic chromatin. Here we show evidence in(More)
This review summarizes data on the presence and function of different heat shock proteins (Hsp) in the HIV virions and the infected cells. A 60 kD heat shock protein-like molecule is present in the envelope of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 which can specifically interact with the transmembrane glycoprotein gp41. The role of cholesterol in the(More)
This retrospective study included 109 patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL; 45 females, 64 males). In 47 of the 109 HL patients (43%), immunohistochemical analysis of their formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded histologic samples revealed Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) by latent membrane protein (LMP) 1. The highest virus association (50%) was found with the mixed(More)
Expression of nine oncogenes was investigated in cell samples from fifteen patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic granulocytic leukemia (CGL) both at diagnosis and at the onset of accelerated phase (AP) of the disease. The bcr-abl fusion gene, the H-ras gene and the c-myb gene were universally expressed. In comparison with the chronic(More)