Zoltán Balázs

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The present study aimed to investigate pathways that contribute to uptake and transcytosis of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) and HDL-associated alpha-tocopherol (alpha TocH) across an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In primary porcine brain capillary endothelial cells HDL-associated alpha TocH was taken up in 10-fold excess of HDL(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the involvement of key players in reverse cholesterol/24(S)OH-cholesterol transport in primary porcine brain capillary endothelial cells (pBCEC) that constitute the BBB. We identified that, in addition to scavenger receptor class B, type I (SR-BI), pBCEC express ABCA1 and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) mRNA(More)
11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) type 1 and type 2 catalyze the interconversion of inactive and active glucocorticoids. Impaired regulation of these enzymes has been associated with obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. Previous studies in animals and humans suggested that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has(More)
The role of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) in the local activation of the glucocorticoid receptor by converting inactive 11-ketoglucocorticoids to active 11beta-hydroxyglucocorticoids is well established. Currently, 11beta-HSD1 is considered a promising target for treatment of obese and diabetic patients. Here, we demonstrate a(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) exerts beneficial effects on blood glucose levels and insulin sensitivity in obese rodents and humans, resembling the effects of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) ligands and opposing those of glucocorticoids; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Glucocorticoids are reactivated locally(More)
To assess the impact of the NADPH/NADP(+) ratio and the influence of extracellular glucose on 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11beta-HSD1) activity, we applied microsomal preparations and intact HEK-293 cells expressing 11beta-HSD1 in the presence or absence of hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PDH). A NADPH/NADP(+) ratio of ten or higher was(More)
Microglia, the resident macrophage-like cells in the brain, regulate innate immune responses in the CNS to protect neurons. However, excessive activation of microglia contributes to neurodegenerative diseases. Corticosteroids are potent modulators of inflammation and mediate their effects by binding to mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) and glucocorticoid(More)
11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1), catalyzing the intracellular activation of cortisone to cortisol, is currently considered a promising target to treat patients with metabolic syndrome; hence, there is considerable interest in the development of selective inhibitors. For preclinical tests of such inhibitors, the characteristics of(More)
11Beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) is essential for the local activation of glucocorticoid receptors (GR). Unlike unliganded cytoplasmic GR, 11beta-HSD1 is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-membrane protein with lumenal orientation. Cortisone might gain direct access to 11beta-HSD1 by free diffusion across membranes, indirectly via(More)
During the present study the contribution of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) to low density lipoprotein (LDL) holoparticle and LDL-lipid (alpha-tocopherol (alphaTocH)) turnover in primary porcine brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) was investigated. The addition of increasing LPL concentrations to BCECs resulted in up to 11-fold higher LDL holoparticle cell(More)