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PURPOSE To study image quality in filtered digital tomosynthesis (FDTS) tomograms as a function of their reconstruction arc, using isocentrically acquired, fluoroscopic projection data. MATERIAL AND METHODS Both digital tomosynthesis (DTS) and cone beam CT (CBCT) reconstruction algorithms are based on backprojection and use cone beam projection data as(More)
Computed tomography (CT) reconstruction methods assume imaging of static objects; object movement during projection data acquisition causes tomogram artifacts. The continuously moving heart, therefore, represents a complicated imaging case. The associated problems due to the heart beating can be overcome either by using very short projection acquisition(More)
A software data generation tool, intended to be used in radiographic applications, has been developed. The application integrates a phantom design module and an imaging simulator. Phantoms can be described either as a set of geometrical objects or voxels, or as contours drawn on multiple tomographic slices. Radiographic projections of the phantoms are(More)
This paper presents a software simulation package of the entire X-ray projection radiography process including beam generation, absorber structure and composition, irradiation set up, radiation transport through the absorbing medium, image formation and dose calculation. Phantoms are created as composite objects from geometrical or voxelized primitives and(More)
The use of cone beam projections for tomographic reconstruction using CBCT has triggered the interest of many investigators. Tomographic systems for dental applications based on CBCT and using isocentric rotational fluoroscopic machines has already been proposed. Collecting, however, projection data over 360 0 as required by CBCT is not always desirable due(More)
Computer models and simulations of X-ray imaging systems are becoming a very precious tool during the development and evaluation of new X-ray imaging techniques. To provide, however, a faithful simulation of a system, all components must be accurately modelled and tested, followed by verification through experimental measurements. This paper presents a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Conformal radiotherapy has only recently been widely implemented. Although not all aspects have yet been adequately proven, it is generally recognized that maintaining a high degree of precision throughout the process is critical to the treatment outcome while the focus for quality assurance and quality improvement will need to(More)
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