Zoher Gueroui

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Decisions on the fate of cells and their functions are dictated by the spatiotemporal dynamics of molecular signalling networks. However, techniques to examine the dynamics of these intracellular processes remain limited. Here, we show that magnetic nanoparticles conjugated with key regulatory proteins can artificially control, in time and space, the(More)
The regulation of the cytoskeleton is essential for the proper organization and function of eukaryotic cells. For instance, radial arrays of microtubules (MTs), called asters, determine the intracellular localization of organelles. Asters can be generated through either MT organizing center (MTOC)-dependent regulation or self-organization processes. In(More)
Molecular combing is a powerful procedure for aligning a large array of DNA molecules onto a surface. This technique usually leads to an overstretching of about 150% of the molecules' contour length. By changing the magnitude of capillary forces during the combing process, we were able to reduce the relative extension of the DNA molecules. Thus we achieved(More)
During cell division, the proper assembly of a microtubule-based bipolar spindle depends on signals from chromatin. However, it is unknown how the spatial organization of chromatin signals affects spindle morphology. Here, we use paramagnetic chromatin beads, and magnetic fields for their alignment in cell-free extracts, to examine the spatial components of(More)
3-Methoxy-17α-ethynylestradiol or mestranol is a prodrug for ethynylestradiol and the estrogen component of some oral contraceptive formulations. We demonstrate here that a single core multimodal probe for imaging - SCoMPI - can be efficiently grafted onto mestranol allowing its tracking in two breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 fixed cells.(More)
Intracellular biochemical reactions are often localized in space and time, inducing gradients of enzymatic activity that may play decisive roles in determining cell's fate and functions. However, the techniques available to examine such enzymatic gradients of activity remain limited. Here, we propose a new method to engineer a spatial gradient of signaling(More)
Living systems offer attractive strategies to generate nanoscale structures because of their innate functional properties such as the dynamic assembly of ordered nanometer fibers, the generation of mechanical forces, or the directional transport mediated by molecular motors. The design of hybrid systems, capable of interfacing artificial building blocks(More)
1,1-Di(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-cyrhetrenylbut-1-ene 1 is an organometallic conjugate where a [(Cp)Re(CO)(3)] unit is linked to a hydroxytamoxifen-like structure. Its subcellular nuclear distribution was previously observed in a single cell using the near-field technique AFMIR. We show here that synchrotron radiation FTIR spectromicroscopy (SR-FTIR-SM) enabled(More)
A rhenium tris-carbonyl derivative has been designed to couple infrared and luminescent detection in cells. Both spectroscopies are consistent with one another; they point out the reliability of the present SCoMPI (for Single Core Multimodal Probe for Imaging) for bimodal imaging and unambiguously indicate a localization at the Golgi apparatus in MDA-MB-231(More)
A microfluidic device is a powerful tool to manipulate in a controlled manner at spatiotemporal scales for biological systems. Here, we describe a simple diffusion-based assay to generate and measure the effect of biochemical perturbations within the cytoplasm of cell-free extracts from Xenopus eggs. Our approach comprises a microliter reservoir and a model(More)