Zoë Héritage

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Community participation and empowerment are core principles underpinning the Healthy Cities movement. By providing an overview of theory and presenting the relevant findings of evaluations, this article explores how cities in the WHO European Healthy Cities Network have integrated community participation and empowerment within their development. Reflecting(More)
National healthy cities networks (NNs) were created 20 years ago to support the development of healthy cities within the WHO Europe Region. Using the concept of epistemic communities, the evolution and impact of NNs is considered, as is their future development. Healthy cities national networks are providing information, training and support to member(More)
National networks of Healthy Cities emerged in the late 1980s as a spontaneous reaction to a great demand by cities to participate in the Healthy Cities movement. Today, they engage at least 1300 cities in the European region and form the backbone of the Healthy Cities movement. This article provides an analysis of the results of the regular surveys of(More)
<ce:para>The health benefits of regular physical activity have now been clearly established. Two initiatives developed in Nantes allowed estimation of the benefits as perceived by local authorities as well as the motivations of cyclists and the general population. The City Council and the metropolitan area of Greater Nantes used the HEAT tool, which(More)
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