Zoë B. McC Fritz

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AIMS To determine whether the introduction of the Universal Form of Treatment Options (the UFTO), as an alternative approach to Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) orders, reduces harms in patients in whom a decision not to attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was made, and to understand the mechanism for any observed change. (More)
UNLABELLED Do not attempt resuscitation (DNAR) orders have been shown to be subject to misinterpretation in the 1980s and 1990s. We investigated whether this was still the case, and examined what perceptions doctors and nurses had of what care patients with DNAR orders receive. METHODS Using an anonymous written questionnaire, we directly approached 50(More)
UNLABELLED Most people who die in hospital do so with a DNACPR order in place, these orders are the focus of considerable debate. AIM To identify factors, facilitators and barriers involved in DNACPR decision-making and implementation. METHODS All study designs and interventions were eligible for inclusion. Studies were appraised guided by CASP tools. A(More)
BACKGROUND Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) orders have been shown to be independently associated with patients receiving fewer treatments, reduced admission to intensive care and worse outcomes even after accounting for known confounders. The mechanisms by which they influence practice have not previously been studied. OBJECTIVES To(More)
UNLABELLED Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) orders have been in use since the 1990s. The Resuscitation Council UK (RCUK) provides guidance on the content and use of such forms in the UK but there is no national policy. AIM To determine the content of DNACPR forms in the UK, and the geographical distribution of the use of different(More)
Since their introduction as 'no code' in the 1980s and their later formalization to 'do not resuscitate' orders, such directions to withhold potentially life-extending treatments have been accompanied by multiple ethical issues. The arguments for when and why to instigate such orders are explored, including a consideration of the concept of futility,(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment for a cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), may be lifesaving following an acute, potentially reversible illness. Yet this treatment is unlikely to be effective if cardiac arrest occurs as part of the dying process towards the end of a person's natural life. Do not attempt CPR (DNACPR) decisions allow resuscitation to(More)
AIMS To establish the characteristics and outcomes of patients with Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) orders; to assess whether particular patient characteristics are associated with discussing resuscitation orders with patients. METHODS Retrospective case note analysis from an acute hospital in 2009 was performed on: all in-hospital(More)
The Court of Appeal judgment that Janet Tracey's human rights had been breached when a 'do not attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation' (DNACPR) form was written about her without her knowledge has far-reaching implications for clinical practice. The 'duty to consult' extends to all patients apart from those in whom it is likely that discussion would cause(More)