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Interleukin-1 (IL-1)-mediated signaling in T cells is essential for T helper 17 (Th17) cell differentiation. We showed here that SIGIRR, a negative regulator of IL-1 receptor and Toll-like receptor signaling, was induced during Th17 cell lineage commitment and governed Th17 cell differentiation and expansion through its inhibitory effects on IL-1 signaling.(More)
Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is a signature cytokine of Th17 cells. We previously reported that deletion of NF-κB activator 1 (Act1), the key transducer of IL-17 receptor signaling, from the neuroectodermal lineage in mice (neurons, oligodendrocytes and astrocytes) results in attenuated severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Here we examined(More)
Cuprizone inhibits mitochondrial function and induces demyelination in the corpus callosum, which resembles pattern III lesions in multiple sclerosis patients. However, the molecular and cellular mechanism by which cuprizone induces demyelination remains unclear. Interleukin-17 (IL-17) secreted by T helper 17 cells and γδT cells are essential in the(More)
IL-25 initiates, promotes, and augments Th2 immune responses. In this study, we report that Act1, a key component in IL-17-mediated signaling, is an essential signaling molecule for IL-25 signaling. Although Act1-deficient mice showed reduced expression of KC (CXCL1) and neutrophil recruitment to the airway compared with wild-type mice in response to IL-17(More)
Gab2 is an important adapter molecule for cytokine signaling. Despite its major role in signaling by receptors associated with hematopoiesis, the role of Gab2 in hematopoiesis has not been addressed. We report that despite normal numbers of peripheral blood cells, bone marrow cells, and c-Kit(+)Lin(-)Sca-1(+) (KLS) cells, Gab2-deficient hematopoietic cells(More)
Both IL-23- and IL-1-mediated signaling pathways play important roles in Th17 cell differentiation, cytokine production, and autoimmune diseases. The IL-1R-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) is critical for IL-1/TLR signaling. We show here that inactivation of IRAK4 kinase in mice (IRAK4 KI) results in significant resistance to experimental autoimmune(More)
Bone marrow-derived plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) from IL-1R-associated kinase (IRAK)2-deficient mice produced more IFNs than did wild-type pDCs upon stimulation with the TLR9 ligand CpG. Furthermore, in CpG-stimulated IRAK2-deficient pDCs there was increased nuclear translocation of IFN regulatory factor 7, the key transcription factor for IFN gene(More)
The interaction between endophytic biocontrol agent Chaetomium spirale ND35 and the soil-borne plant pathogen Rhizoctonia solani was studied by light micr-oscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), as well as further investigated by gold cytochemistry to assess the potential role of cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs) during the mycoparasitic(More)
Act1 is an essential adaptor molecule in IL-17-mediated signaling and is recruited to the IL-17 receptor upon IL-17 stimulation. Here, we report that Act1 is a client protein of the molecular chaperone, Hsp90. The Act1 variant (D10N) linked to psoriasis susceptibility is defective in its interaction with Hsp90, resulting in a global loss of Act1 function.(More)
In the title compound, C11H11N3O3S·3H2O, the non-H atoms of the main mol-ecule are approximately planar, with an r.m.s. deviation of 0.030 Å. There is a bifurcated intra-molecular N-H⋯(O,S) hydrogen bond present forming S(6) and S(5) ring motifs. In the crystal, O-H⋯O and N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the molecules into a three-dimensional network.