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Loss of neurons after brain injury and in neurodegenerative disease is often accompanied by reactive gliosis and scarring, which are difficult to reverse with existing treatment approaches. Here, we show that reactive glial cells in the cortex of stab-injured or Alzheimer's disease (AD) model mice can be directly reprogrammed into functional neurons in vivo(More)
Dysregulated neurodevelopment with altered structural and functional connectivity is believed to underlie many neuropsychiatric disorders, and 'a disease of synapses' is the major hypothesis for the biological basis of schizophrenia. Although this hypothesis has gained indirect support from human post-mortem brain analyses and genetic studies, little is(More)
Amyloid plaques and tau tangles are common pathological hallmarks for Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, reducing Aβ production failed to relieve the symptoms of AD patients. Here we report a high GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) content in reactive astrocytes in the dentate gyrus (DG) of a mouse model for AD (5xFAD) that results in increased tonic inhibition and(More)
Amyloid plaques and tau tangles are common pathological hallmarks for Alzheimer’s disease (AD), however reducing Aβ production failed to relieve the symptoms of AD patients. Here we report a high GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) content in reactive astrocytes in the dentate gyrus (DG) of a mouse model for AD (5xFAD) that results in increased tonic inhibition and(More)
Two types of chiral stationary phases for HPLC based on pi-acidic or pi-basic perphenylcarbamoylated beta-CDs were synthesized. The relative structural features of the two effective chiral selectors are discussed and compared in both normal-phase and RP modes. In addition, the nature and concentration of alcoholic modifiers were varied for optimal(More)
Zhexing Wen*, Ha Nam Nguyen*, Ziyuan Guo*, Matthew A. Lalli, Xinyuan Wang, Yijing Su, Nam-Shik Kim, Ki-Jun Yoon, Jaehoon Shin, Ce Zhang, Georgia Makri, David Nauen, Huimei Yu, Elmer Guzman, Cheng-Hsuan Chiang, Nadine Yoritomo, Kozo Kaibuchi, Jizhong Zou, Kimberly M. Christian, Linzhao Cheng, Christopher A. Ross, Russell L. Magolis, Gong Chen, Kenneth S.(More)
A direct semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) enantioseparation of ofloxacin was performed on chemically immobilized cyclodextrin derivative-mono (6A-azido-6A-deoxy)-per(p-chlorophenyl carbamoylated) β-CD chiral stationary phase. Conditions for semi-preparative separations were established using a 250 × 4.6 mm i.d. column and(More)
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