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Erythropoietin (EPO) has protective effects on many neurological diseases, including cerebral ischemia. Here, we aimed to test EPO's effects on ischemic neurovascular unit (NVU) injuries and examine whether the effects were dependent on connexin43 (Cx43) mediated gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). We detected the expression of Cx43 and(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Tongxinluo (TXL) is a multifunctional traditional Chinese medicine and has been widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Numerous studies demonstrate that TXL is a novel neuroprotective drug, however, the mechanisms are largely unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY we aimed to demonstrate the(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The Dengzhan Shengmai capsule (DZSM) is known in China for its remarkable curative effect as a treatment of cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke. DZSM is a Chinese herbal compound preparation that consists of four ingredients, including Erigeron breviscapus (Vaniot) Hand.-Mazz., Panax(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies support an association between elevated total homocysteine (tHcy) levels and increased all-cause mortality. However, few prospective studies have examined this association in hypertensive patients, and/or tested any effect modification by the methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T genotype. METHODS This was a post(More)
The hypothesis is that there exists a linear relationship between income inequality and annual GDP growth rate. When the GDP growth rate decreases, the income inequality also decreases. The researchers measured this across two major categories of countries: the developed and the undeveloped countries to see if there exists an optimal range of GDP growth(More)
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