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OBJECT The extent of tumor resection that should be undertaken in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to identify significant independent predictors of survival in these patients and to determine whether the extent of resection was associated with increased survival time. METHODS The authors(More)
OBJECT The current North American experience with minimally invasive vertebro- and kyphoplasty is largely limited to the treatment of benign osteoporotic compression fractures. The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of these procedures for painful vertebral body (VB) fractures in cancer patients. METHODS The authors reviewed a(More)
The hypothesis that cerebral arteriovenous difference of oxygen content (AVDO2) can be used to predict cerebral blood flow (CBF) was tested in patients who were comatose due to head injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, or cerebrovascular disease. In 51 patients CBF was measured daily for 3 to 5 days, and in 49 patients CBF was measured every 8 hours for 5 to 10(More)
Stereotactic biopsy is often performed for diagnostic purposes before treating patients whose imaging studies highly suggest glioma. Indications cited for biopsy include diagnosis and/or the "inoperability" of the tumor. This study questions the routine use of stereotactic biopsy in the initial management of gliomas. At The University of Texas M. D.(More)
OBJECT Surgical resection of tumors located in the insular region is challenging for neurosurgeons, and few have published their surgical results. The authors report their experience with intrinsic tumors of the insula, with an emphasis on an objective determination of the extent of resection and neurological complications and on an analysis of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Sacral chordomas are relatively rare, locally invasive, malignant neoplasms. Despite surgical resection, adjuvant radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, recurrence is common. This study reviews our experience during the last 40 years at The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, to determine the effects of various treatment methods on the(More)
In this study, we investigated the expression of activated gelatinase A and membrane-type metalloproteinase (MT-MMP) induced by concanavalin A (ConA) in four highly invasive glioma cell lines (UWR2, UWR3, U251MG, and SNB-19). We also examined gelatinase A and MT-MMP expression in human brain tumor tissues in vivo. Gelatin zymography showed that all four(More)
The 72 kDa type IV collagenase (gelatinase), a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2), has been proposed to potentiate the invasion and metastasis of malignant tumors. To determine the potential role of the MMP-2 in human gliomas and normal brain tissue, we examined the relative amounts of protein, mRNA, and distribution. Using gelatin zymography, densitometry,(More)
BACKGROUND Vertebroplasty (VP) and kyphoplasty (KP) are routinely used to treat vertebral body compression fractures (VCFs) resulting from osteoporosis or vertebral body tumors in order to provide rapid pain relief. However, it remains debated whether VP or KP results in superior outcomes versus medical management alone in patients experiencing VCFs. (More)
The cell surface urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) has been shown to be a key molecule in regulating plasminogen-mediated extracellular proteolysis. To investigate the role of uPAR in invasion of brain tumors, human glioblastoma cell line SNB19 was stably transfected with a vector capable of expressing an antisense transcript(More)