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Gold nanoparticles provide an attractive and applicable scaffold for delivery of nucleic acids. In this review, we focus on the use of covalent and noncovalent gold nanoparticle conjugates for applications in gene delivery and RNA-interference technologies. We also discuss challenges in nucleic acid delivery, including endosomal entrapment/escape and active… (More)
We describe a method for quantitative monitoring of subcellular protein trafficking using nanoparticle-stabilized nanocapsules for protein delivery. This method provides rapid delivery of the protein into the cytosol, eliminating complications from protein homeostasis processes found with cellularly expressed proteins. After delivery, nuclear protein… (More)
In this study, we demonstrate a bacteriophage (phage)-based magnetic separation scheme for the rapid detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in drinking water. T7 phage is a lytic phage with a broad host range specificity for E. coli. Our scheme was as follows: (1) T7 bacteriophage-conjugated magnetic beads were used to capture and separate E. coli BL21… (More)
We present the use of functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to combat multi-drug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. Tuning of the functional groups on the nanoparticle surface provided gold nanoparticles that were effective against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive uropathogens, including multi-drug-resistant pathogens. These AuNPs exhibited low toxicity… (More)
Metallic nanoparticles provide versatile scaffolds for biosensing applications. In this review, we focus on the use of metallic nanoparticles for cell surface sensings. Examples of the use of both specific recognition and array-based "chemical nose" approaches to cell surface sensing will be discussed.
Traditional plating and culturing methods used to quantify bacteria commonly require hours to days from sampling to results. We present here a simple, sensitive and rapid electrochemical method for bacterial detection in drinking water based on gold nanoparticle-enzyme complexes. The gold nanoparticles were functionalized with positively charged quaternary… (More)
A robust monolayer of nanoparticles is formed via dip-coating of cell culture plates. These surfaces provide cell type-specific modulation of growth behavior without the uptake of nanoparticles.
Differentiation between cell surface-bound and internalized nanoparticles is challenging yet essential for accurately quantifying cellular uptake. Here, we describe a versatile mass spectrometry-based method that allows separate quantification of both cell surface-bound and internalized nanoparticles. This rapid method uses tuned laser fluencies to… (More)
The use of nanoparticle-stabilized nanocapsules (NPSCs) for the direct cytosolic delivery of siRNA is reported. In this approach, siRNA is complexed with cationic arginine-functionalized gold nanoparticles by electrostatic interactions, with the resulting ensemble self-assembled onto the surface of fatty acid nanodroplets to form a NPSC/siRNA nanocomplex.… (More)
We report an effective intracellular delivery strategy for proteins of high molecular weight using AuNP stabilized capsules. This strategy provides direct delivery to the cytosol, avoiding endosomal entrapment.