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Gold nanoparticles provide an attractive and applicable scaffold for delivery of nucleic acids. In this review, we focus on the use of covalent and noncovalent gold nanoparticle conjugates for applications in gene delivery and RNA-interference technologies. We also discuss challenges in nucleic acid delivery, including endosomal entrapment/escape and active(More)
We present the use of functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to combat multi-drug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. Tuning of the functional groups on the nanoparticle surface provided gold nanoparticles that were effective against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive uropathogens, including multi-drug-resistant pathogens. These AuNPs exhibited low toxicity(More)
In this study, we demonstrate a bacteriophage (phage)-based magnetic separation scheme for the rapid detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in drinking water. T7 phage is a lytic phage with a broad host range specificity for E. coli. Our scheme was as follows: (1) T7 bacteriophage-conjugated magnetic beads were used to capture and separate E. coli BL21(More)
We describe a method for quantitative monitoring of subcellular protein trafficking using nanoparticle-stabilized nanocapsules for protein delivery. This method provides rapid delivery of the protein into the cytosol, eliminating complications from protein homeostasis processes found with cellularly expressed proteins. After delivery, nuclear protein(More)
The use of nanoparticle-stabilized nanocapsules (NPSCs) for the direct cytosolic delivery of siRNA is reported. In this approach, siRNA is complexed with cationic arginine-functionalized gold nanoparticles by electrostatic interactions, with the resulting ensemble self-assembled onto the surface of fatty acid nanodroplets to form a NPSC/siRNA nanocomplex.(More)
Zwitterionic nanoparticles are generally considered nontoxic and noninteracting. Here, we report effective and selective antimicrobial activity of zwitterionic gold nanoparticles (AuNP) through modulation NP size and surface charge orientation. Using a set of 2, 4, and 6 nm core AuNPs, increasing particle size increased antimicrobial efficiency through(More)
Differentiation between cell surface-bound and internalized nanoparticles is challenging yet essential for accurately quantifying cellular uptake. Here, we describe a versatile mass spectrometry-based method that allows separate quantification of both cell surface-bound and internalized nanoparticles. This rapid method uses tuned laser fluencies to(More)
Rational design of organic 2D (O2D) materials has made some progress, but it is still in its infancy. A class of self-assembling small molecules is presented that form nano/microscale supramolecular 2D materials in aqueous media. A judicial combination of four different intermolecular interactions forms the basis for the robust formation of these ultrathin(More)