Zivile Katiliene

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Cyanovirin (CV-N) is a small lectin with potent HIV neutralization activity, which could be exploited for a mucosal defense against HIV infection. The wild-type (wt) protein binds with high affinity to mannose-rich oligosaccharides on the surface of gp120 through two quasi-symmetric sites, located in domains A and B. We recently reported on a mutant of CV-N(More)
Time-resolved fluorescence of chromatophores isolated from strains of Rhodobacter sphaeroides containing light harvesting complex I (LHI) and reaction center (RC) (no light harvesting complex II) was measured at several temperatures between 295 K and 10 K. Measurements were performed to investigate energy trapping from LHI to the RC in RC mutants that have(More)
Cyanovirin-N (CV-N) is a 101 amino acid cyanobacterial lectin with potent antiviral activity against HIV, mediated by high-affinity binding to branched N-linked oligomannosides on the viral surface envelope protein gp120. The protein contains two carbohydrate-binding domains, A and B, each of which binds short oligomannosides independently in vitro. The(More)
A new approach to creating fluorescent signaling aptamers using fluorescent nucleotide analogues is presented. The fluorescence quantum yield of nucleotide analogues such as 2-aminopurine strongly depends on base stacking interactions when incorporated into double or single stranded DNA. This property is used to generate a binding-specific fluorescence(More)
Single molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy were used to investigate DNA looping by NgoMIV restriction endonuclease. Using a linear double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) molecule labeled with a fluorescence donor molecule, Cy3, and fluorescence acceptor molecule, Cy5, and by varying the concentration of(More)
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