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PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that targeting the microenvironment (soil) may effectively kill cancer cells (seeds) through a small-molecular weight sequential dual-targeting theragnostic strategy, or dual-targeting approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS With approval from the institutional animal care and use committee, 24 rats were implanted with 48 liver(More)
Evaluation of vascular disrupting treatment (VDT) is generally based on tumor size and enhancement on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which, unfortunately, may be limited in providing satisfactory information. The purpose of the study is to evaluate consecutive changes of 20 rabbit VX2 liver tumors after VDT by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI(More)
To study whether formulation influences biodistribution, necrosis avidity and tumoricidal effects of the radioiodinated hypericin, a necrosis avid agent for a dual-targeting anticancer radiotherapy. Iodine-123- and 131-labeled hypericin (123I-Hyp and 131I-Hyp) were prepared with Iodogen as oxidant, and formulated in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)/PEG400(More)
Hypericin (Hyp) is newly recognized as a necrosis avid agent, but its poor solubility imposes a great hindrance in clinical application. The aim of this paper was to explore sodium cholate (NaCh) as a potential solvent for Hyp and assess the targetability of (131)I-Hyp in rat necrosis models. Hyp solubility in NaCh solutions was evaluated by equilibrium(More)
1. Iodogen (tetrachloro-diphenyl glycoluril) dissolved in DMSO (dimethyl sulphoxide) appears indispensable in radioiodination of hypericin for a new anticancer strategy. We studied the safety of intravenously administered iodogen/DMSO in mice (n = 132). 2. Median lethal dose (LD50) of iodogen/DMSO was determined with doses of 40.0, 50.0, 55.0, 60.0, 65.0(More)
The aim of the present study is to verify the trapping effect of combretastatin A-4-phosphate (CA4P) on small molecular drugs in rodent tumors. Mice with H22 hepatocarcinoma were randomized into groups A and B. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of T1WI, T2WI, and DWI was performed as baseline. Mice in group A were injected with Gd-DTPA and PBS. Mice in group(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the 12-day dynamic characteristics of tumor response to intravenous administration of CA4P in rabbit VX2 tumor models. METHODS Study protocol was approved by local ethical committee for animal care and use. Sixteen rabbits with 32 tumors on bilateral legs were randomly divided into treated and control groups. Conventional and DWI(More)
Residual cancer cells and subsequent tumor relapse is an obstacle for curative cancer treatment. Tumor necrosis therapy (TNT) has recently been developed to cause residual tumor regression or destruction. Here, we exploited the avidity of the sennidin A (SA) tracer and radioiodinated SA (¹³¹I-SA) to necrotic tumors in order to further empower TNT. We showed(More)
Hypericin is a necrosis avid agent useful for nuclear imaging and tumor therapy. Protohypericin, with a similar structure to hypericin except poorer planarity, is the precursor of hypericin. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of this structural difference on self-assembly, and evaluate the necrosis affinity and metabolism in the rat model of(More)