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Humanized mice are crucially important for preclinical studies. However, the development and potential function of human B cells in chimeras remain unclear. Here, we describe the study of human B cells in NOD/LtSzPrkdcscid/J (NOD/SCID) mice. In this study, we transplanted 1.0×10(5) human CD34(+) cells from umbilical cord blood (UCB) into NOD/SCID mice after(More)
EGFR T790M mutation accounts for about 40-55% drug resistance for the first generation EGFR kinase inhibitors in the NSCLC. Starting from ibrutinib, a highly potent irreversible BTK kinase inhibitor, which was also found to be moderately active to EGFR T790M mutant, we discovered a highly potent irreversible EGFR inhibitor CHMFL-EGFR-26, which is(More)
The FLT3-ITD mutation is one of the most prevalent oncogenic mutations in AML. Several FLT3 kinase inhibitors have shown impressive activity in clinical evaluation, however clinical responses are usually transient and clinical effects are rapidly lost due to drug resistance. One of the resistance mechanisms in the AML refractory patients involves(More)
Bone-marrow transplantation (BMT) can repopulate the liver through BM-derived hepatocyte (BMDH) generation, although the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Using fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase-deficient (Fah(-/-)) mice as a liver-failure model, we confirmed that BMDHs were generated by fusion of BM-derived CD11b(+)F4/80(+)myelomonocytes with resident(More)
PI3Kδ has been found to be over-expressed in B-Cell-related malignancies. Despite the clinical success of the first selective PI3Kδ inhibitor, CAL-101, inhibition of PI3Kδ itself did not show too much cytotoxic efficacy against cancer cells. One possible reason is that PI3Kδ inhibition induced autophagy that protects the cells from death. Since class III(More)
Starting from a dihydropyrimidopyrimidine core scaffold based compound 27 (GNF-7), we discovered a highly potent (ABL1: IC50 of 70 nM) and selective (S score (1) = 0.02) BCR-ABL inhibitor 18a (CHMFL-ABL-053). Compound 18a did not exhibit apparent inhibitory activity against c-KIT kinase, which is the common target of currently clinically used BCR-ABL(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mice deficient in tyrosine catabolic enzyme fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (fah(-/-) ) was a useful animal model for studying liver failure. Tyrosine metabolic toxicants accumulate in hepatocytes over time in fah(-/-) mice, leading to hepatocyte necrosis which we propose release many type of damage associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) and(More)
FLT3-ITD mutant has been observed in about 30% of AML patients and extensively studied as a drug discovery target. On the basis of our previous study that ibrutinib (9) exhibited selective and moderate inhibitory activity against FLT3-ITD positive AML cells, through a structure-guided drug design approach, we have discovered a new type II FLT3 kinase(More)
c-KIT kinase is a validated drug discovery target for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Clinically used c-KIT kinase inhibitors, i.e., Imatinib and Sunitinib, bear other important targets such as ABL or FLT3 kinases. Here we report our discovery of a more selective c-KIT inhibitor, compound 13 (CHMFL-KIT-110), which completely abolished ABL and FLT3(More)
The discovery of a novel potent type II ABL/c-KIT dual kinase inhibitor compound 34 (CHMFL-ABL/KIT-155), which utilized a hydrogen bond formed by NH on the kinase backbone and carbonyl oxygen of 34 as a unique hinge binding, is described. 34 potently inhibited purified ABL (IC50: 46 nM) and c-KIT kinase (IC50: 75 nM) in the biochemical assays and displayed(More)