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The present study investigated changes in the prosodic and acoustic-phonetic features of isolated words by four male talkers speaking in quite and in pink noise at a level of 95 dB SPL. Speech samples were collected both with and without an oxygen mask. Changes in duration, fundamental frequency, total energy, and formant center frequency were analyzed. In… (More)
Voicing is a phonological contrast which emerges early in the speech of children. However, the acoustic correlates of the voicing contrast for stop consonants are fairly complex. In the initial position, voicing is cued primarily by the relative timing of articulatory versus laryngeal gestures. In the final position, the duration of the preceding vowel is… (More)
Young children frequently substitute stops for fricative-stop clusters. In this paper, we report acoustic measurements for children's intended voiced and voiceless stops, and for stops substituting for clusters. Judging from voice-onset time measurements, children employ various strategies for assigning phonological status to the substituted stops.
Listeners can easily say whether a language they are hearing is familiar or foreign to them. Infants. young children, and adults arc able to make same-language, different-language judgments at better than chance levels. In many of these studies. foreign language samples have been provided by different talkers so that language and talker characteristics have… (More)
Linguistic background has been identified as important in the perception of pitch, particularly between tonal versus nontonal languages. In addition, a link between native language and the perception of musical pitch has also been established. This pilot study examined the perception of pitch between listeners from tonal and nontonal linguistic cultures… (More)
Adult listeners are able to discriminate between and often identify spoken samples of languages that are unknown to them. Two studies were designed to explore which perceptual properties inherent within the phonological structure of languages are salient to foreign language listeners. In study one, fifteen subjects were asked to judge whether pairs of… (More)