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Voicing is a phonological contrast which emerges early in the speech of children. However, the acoustic correlates of the voicing contrast for stop consonants are fairly complex. In the initial position, voicing is cued primarily by the relative timing of articulatory versus laryngeal gestures. In the final position, the duration of the preceding vowel is(More)
The present study investigated changes in the prosodic and acoustic-phonetic features of isolated words by four male talkers speaking in quite and in pink noise at a level of 95 dB SPL. Speech samples were collected both with and without an oxygen mask. Changes in duration, fundamental frequency, total energy, and formant center frequency were analyzed. In(More)
Linguistic background has been identified as important in the perception of pitch, particularly between tonal versus nontonal languages. In addition, a link between native language and the perception of musical pitch has also been established. This pilot study examined the perception of pitch between listeners from tonal and nontonal linguistic cultures(More)
Adult listeners are able to discriminate between and often identify spoken samples of languages that are unknown to them. Two studies were designed to explore which perceptual properties inherent within the phonological structure of languages are salient to foreign language listeners. In study one, fifteen subjects were asked to judge whether pairs of(More)
This study investigated identification of fragmented Mandarin tones by non-native listeners. Monosyllabic Mandarin words were digitally processed to generate intact, silent-center, center-only, and onset-only syllables. The syllables were recorded with two carrier phrases such that the offset of the carrier tone and the onset of the target tone were either(More)