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The etiology of inflammatory bowel diseases which include ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn disease has not yet been clarified. Several hypotheses suggest a change in composition of gut microflora along with an impaired mucosal barrier that lead to excessive mucosal immunologic responses. Increased production of nitric oxide (NO) contributes greatly to the(More)
INTRODUCTION uveitis is an intraocular inflammation and one of the most severe and frequent manifestations of Behçet disease. S antigen (S Ag) is a highly conserved retinal protein implicated in the mechanism of the physiopathology in Behçet disease. This autoantigen is used in different animal models for experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) development,(More)
Aim and Methods. In this study, we evaluated NOS and arginase activities and their regulation during Behçet disease, a systemic chronic inflammatory disorder with uncertain etiology. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 36 patients and 15 control samples (PBMC) were cultured in either RPMI 1640, MEM, or DMEM complemented with 10% of FBS and(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease. The pathophysiology of RA implicates several mediators such as nitric oxide (NO) and cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), which is deeply involved in the main characteristics of RA. Furthermore, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is an active vitamin A derivative well-known to have diverse(More)
Uveitis, recurrent oral and genital ulcerations associated with skin lesions are the major symptoms of a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disorder known as Behçet's disease (BD). High prevalence of this dreaded disease has been observed in the Mediterranean basin, including Algeria and along the Silk Road. Although the etiologic agent of this disease(More)
INTRODUCTION Autoimmune uveitis is a group of HLA-associated inflammatory diseases of the eye, prevalent worldwide, that may cause blindness. It can be limited to the eye, or associated with a systemic syndrome. Furthermore, patients suffering from uveitis exhibit high serum and local nitric oxide (NO) levels as a consequence of cellular responses to(More)
INTRODUCTION Uveitis is an intraocular inflammation affecting various eye segments. This disease is characterized by a high level of nitric oxide production. It is estimated via the quantification of its end products: nitrites and nitrates. In a previous study, we showed the cytotoxic effect of these molecules on bovine retina in vitro. In this study, we(More)
Uveitis represents one of the major diagnostic criteria in Behçet's disease. It is most prevalent in the countries of the Mediterranean area, including Algeria, and along the Silk Road. Clinical features include oral and genital ulcers, ocular and skin lesions, as well as central nervous system, joint, vascular, gastrointestinal, or pulmonary(More)
Behçet's disease (BD) is an inflammatory multisystemic disorder associated with orogenital ulcers, uveitis and skin lesions with unpredictable episodes of exacerbations and remissions. Even though several immunological and environmental factors contribute to BD progression, its ethiopathogenesis remains uncertain and elusive. Considered as one of the potent(More)
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