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Dolichols are long hydrophobic molecules broadly distributed in all tissues and cellular membranes of eukariotic cells. Dolichol affects membrane structure and fluidity, membrane-associated protein activities, and membrane sensitivity to oxidative stress. Reports have shown that dolichols exhibit a remarkable (6- to 30-fold) age-related increase in the(More)
Dolichol is a long-chain polyisoprenoid. No enzyme pathway for dolichol degradation was discovered. Dolichol accumulates in human and rodent tissues during ageing. Red blood cells contain a larger amount of dolichol and red blood cell life span is shorter in older rats. The effects of age and of the load of dolichol from red blood cell degradation on the(More)
Autophagy is a process that sequesters and degrades organelles and macromolecular constituents of cytoplasm for cellular restructuring and repair and as a source of nutrients for metabolic use in early starvation. The effects of two antiaging dietary regimens (initiated in rats at the age of 2 months), namely, 40% dietary restriction (DR) and(More)
In rats with phosphoryl-creatine depletion (fed a standard Randoin-Causeret diet containing 1% beta-guanidine propionic acid) abnormal mitochondria were observed in slow skeletal muscles, often containing paracrystalline inclusions very like those induced by ischaemia or mitochondrial poisons and in human mitochondrial myopathy.
Macroautophagy is a degradation/recycling system ubiquitous in eukariotic cells, which generates nutrients during fasting under the control of amino acids and hormones, and contributes to the turnover and rejuvenation of cellular components (long-lived proteins, cytomembranes and organelles). Tight coupling between these two functions may be the weak point(More)
Restricting caloric intake (CR) well below that of ad libitum (AL) fed animals retards and/or delays many characteristics of ageing and the occurrence and progression of age-associated diseases, efficacy depending on duration. The hypothesis that the anti-ageing effect of CR might involve stimulation of the cell-repair mechanism autophagy was tested. The(More)
Dolichol is a polyprenol compound broadly distributed in membranes, biosynthetized by the general isoprenoid pathway from acetate via mevalonate and farnesyl pyrophosphate. Dolichol lays inside the membrane between the two leaflets of the lipid bilayer very close to the tail of phospholipid fatty acids. No definite catabolic pathways for this molecule have(More)
Caloric restriction (CR) and a reduced growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) axis are associated with an extension of lifespan across taxa. Evidence is reviewed showing that CR and reduced insulin of GH-IGF-1 axis may exhibit their effects at least partly by their common stimulatory action on autophagy, the cell repair mechanism responsible(More)
Increases of protein carbonyl in animal tissues have been associated with the aging process. So far, the accumulation of oxidized proteins, highly susceptible to proteolysis, has been attributed to age-related changes in proteasomal alkaline proteases. Carbonyl in protein was monitored in six different tissues of male Sprague-Dawley rats fed ad libitum up(More)
In order to test the hypothesis that the ageing-related alteration in membrane lipids might reflect the biological age of rodents, we studied the effects of age in ad libitum fed (AL)and food-restricted (FR) male Sprague-Dawley rats on the levels of dolichol in different organs involved [liver (L) and kidney (K)] or not involved [brain (B), sciatic nerve(More)