Zilton de Araújo Andrade

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Schistosoma mansoni infection invariably results in liver fibrosis of the host. This fibrosis may be represented by small focal areas of chronic inflammation and excess extracellular matrix deposited in periovular granulomas, distributed in variable numbers at the periphery of the portal vein system. This is the outcome of 90% of the infected population in(More)
1. Fibrosis is an important manifestation of several parasitic diseases, but is not irreversible. A marked degree of extracellular matrix degradation can occur after cure of parasitism. Patients with the hepatosplenic form of schistosomiasis undergo considerable resorption of portal fibrosis months or years after curative treatment as demonstrated by(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In re-evaluating the effects of laser therapy in wound healing, the role of extracellular matrix elements and myofibroblasts, was analyzed. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS Cutaneous wounds were inflicted on the back of 72 Wistar rats. Low level laser was locally applied with different energy densities. Lesions were analyzed(More)
The main clinical forms of Chagas disease (acute, indeterminate and chronic cardiac) present strong evidences for the participation of the immune system on pathogenesis. Although parasite multiplication is evident during acute infection, the intense acute myocarditis of this phase exhibits clear ultrastructural signs of cell-mediated immune damage,(More)
The study of low-level laser therapy upon extracellular matrix elements is important to understand the wound healing process under this agent. However, little is known about the interference of laser light in relation to collagen and elastic fibers. Cutaneous wounds were performed on the back of 72 Wistar rats and a Ga-Al-As low-level laser was punctually(More)
Heart sections from 16 mongrel dogs, two normal controls and 14 infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, were submitted to immunohistochemical staining with either rabbit anti-cow S100 Protein monoclonal antibody or rabbit anti-T. cruzi purified specific antibody, using the peroxidase technique to investigate the participation of the interstitial dendritic cells of(More)
Mice maintained on a low protein diet for 30 days and then infected with Schistosoma mansoni for 16 weeks completely failed to develop 'pipestem fibrosis' of the liver, whereas 50% of well nourished controls did. Usually mice with relatively mild and prolonged S. mansoni infection develop two different pathological pictures: one consisting of disseminated(More)
Chagas disease, a neglected illness, affects nearly 12-14 million people in endemic areas of Latin America. Although the occurrence of acute cases sharply has declined due to Southern Cone Initiative efforts to control vector transmission, there still remain serious challenges, including the maintenance of sustainable public policies for Chagas disease(More)
Experimental models of Schistosoma mansoni infections in mammals have contributed greatly to our understanding of the pathology and pathogenesis of infection. We consider here hepatic and extrahepatic disease in models of acute and chronic infection. Experimental schistosome infections have also contributed more broadly to our understanding of granulomatous(More)
Histological and ultrastructural studies of the hearts of dogs sacrificed 18 to 26 days after intraperitoneal inoculation with 4 x 10(5) blood forms of the 12 SF strain of Trypanosoma cruzi/kg of body weight disclosed myocarditis characterized by parasitic invasion of some myocytes, damage and necrosis of nonparasitized myocytes, and interstitial(More)