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Epidemiological and experimental studies have demonstrated the atherogenic effects of environmental toxicant arsenic and fluoride. Inflammatory mechanism plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study is to determine the effect of chronic exposure to arsenic and fluoride alone or combined on inflammatory(More)
Exposure to fluoride can induce low sperm quality; however, little is known about the molecular mechanisms by which fluoride exerts its toxic effects. This study was conducted to evaluate ultrastructure, oxidative stress, and apoptosis in sperm of mice treated with 150 mg/l NaF for 49 days. Furthermore, microarray analysis was also utilized to characterize(More)
Sperm hyperactivation is crucial for a successful fertilization; however, the influence of fluoride (F) to hyperactivation is still in its infancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of sodium fluoride (NaF) on sperm hyperactivation, Ca2+/CALM-CAMK2 signaling, and CatSper1 and CatSper2 mRNA expression in mice sperm. Adult male Kunming(More)
Fluoride and lead are two common pollutants in the environment. Previous investigations have found that high fluoride exposure can increase the lead burden. In this experiment, in order to study on the molecular mechanisms of central neural system injury induced by the above two elements, differently expressed protein spots in hippocampus of male mice(More)
Fluoride (F) and lead (Pb) are two common environmental pollutants which are linked to the lowered intelligence, especially for children. Glutamate, a major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, plays an important role in the process of learning and memory. However, the impact of F and Pb alone or in combination on glutamate metabolism(More)
Long-term excessive fluoride (F) intake disrupts the balance of bone deposition and remodeling activities and is linked to skeletal fluorosis. Type I collagen, which is responsible for bone stability and cell biological functions, can be damaged by excessive F ingestion. In this study, Sodium fluoride (NaF) was orally administrated to rat at 150 mg L(-1)(More)
Numerous studies have shown that fluoride exposure adversely affected the male reproductive function, while the molecular mechanism is not clear. The present study was to investigate the effects of fluoride exposure (60 days) on the expressions of reproductive related genes, serum sex hormone levels and structures of the hypothalamus-pituitary-testicular(More)
Fluoride-induced low sperm motility was observed in accumulated investigations. However, the effect of fluoride exposure on ATP generation which is essential to sperm motility remains to be elucidated. In this study, 120 healthy male mice were orally administrated with 0, 25, 50, and 100 mg L(-1) NaF for 90 d. Results showed that compared with controls,(More)
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) are frequently used in cosmetics, paints, sunscreens and the like. Recent studies have demonstrated that nano-TiO2 might be deleterious for the male reproductive function. However, the effects of pubertal nano-TiO2 exposure on testosterone (T) synthesis and spermatogenesis remained to be elucidated. Here, we(More)
Both fluoride and lead can cross the blood-brain barrier and produce toxic effects on the central neural system, resulting in low learning and memory abilities, especially in children. In order to identify the proteomic pattern in the cortex of young animals, from the beginning of fertilization to the age of postnatal day 56, pregnant female mice and pups(More)