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Based upon existing methods of isolating fetal porcine islet tissue, a simple, reliable procedure was developed for the preparation of porcine neonatal islet cell aggregates with a reproducible and defined cellular composition. After 9 d of in vitro culture, tissue from one neonatal pig pancreas yielded approximately 50,000 islet cell aggregates, consisting(More)
Diabetes is a chronic debilitating disease that results from insufficient production of insulin from pancreatic β-cells. Islet cell replacement can effectively treat diabetes but is currently severely limited by the reliance upon cadaveric donor tissue. We have developed a protocol to efficiently differentiate commercially available human embryonic stem(More)
In an attempt to reduce the variability in the yields of human islets isolations and to identify donor factors that were potentially deleterious, we retrospectively reviewed 153 human islets isolations in our center over a 3-year period. Isolations were performed using controlled collagenase perfusion via the duct, automated dissociation, and Ficoll(More)
Alireza Rezania, Michael J. Riedel, Rhonda D. Wideman, Francis Karanu, Ziliang Ao, Garth L. Warnock, and Timothy J. Kieffer BetaLogics Venture, Centocor Research & Development, Skillman, NJ, USA; Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Department of Cellular & Physiological Sciences, Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver,(More)
B7-H4 is a newly identified B7 homolog that plays an important role in maintaining T-cell homeostasis by inhibiting T-cell proliferation and lymphokine-secretion. In this study, we investigated the signal transduction pathways inhibited by B7-H4 engagement in mouse T cells. We found that treatment of CD3(+) T cells with a B7-H4.Ig fusion protein inhibits(More)
BACKGROUND Amyloid fibrils created by misfolding and aggregation of proteins are a major pathological feature in a variety of degenerative diseases. Therapeutic approaches including amyloid vaccines and anti-aggregation compounds in models of amyloidosis point to an important role for amyloid in disease pathogenesis. Amyloid deposits derived from the(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted great interest in cancer therapy owing to their tumor-oriented homing capacity and the feasibility of autologous transplantation. Currently, pancreatic cancer patients face a very poor prognosis, primarily due to the lack of therapeutic strategies with an effective degree of specificity. Anticancer(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether a simple alginate capsule can prolong islet survival and function during long-term tissue culture. We also wanted to observe the ability of these encapsulated islets to restore glucose responsiveness to diabetic recipients, along with the quantity of islets required to do so. We compared the recovery and(More)
OBJECTIVE Differentiation of human embryonic stem (hES) cells to fully developed cell types holds great therapeutic promise. Despite significant progress, the conversion of hES cells to stable, fully differentiated endocrine cells that exhibit physiologically regulated hormone secretion has not yet been achieved. Here we describe an efficient(More)
BACKGROUND Islet transplantation can reduce or eliminate the need for insulin in patients with type 1 diabetes. Exenatide is a long acting analogue of Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) that augments glucose induced insulin secretion, and may increase beta cell mass. We evaluated the effect of exenatide on insulin secretion after islet transplantation. (More)