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Host genotype and gender are among the factors that influence the composition of gut microbiota. We studied the population structure of gut microbiota in two lines of chickens maintained under the same husbandry and dietary regimes. The lines, which originated from a common founder population, had undergone 54 generations of selection for high (HW) or low(More)
Bactrian camels serve as an important means of transportation in the cold desert regions of China and Mongolia. Here we present a 2.01 Gb draft genome sequence from both a wild and a domestic bactrian camel. We estimate the camel genome to be 2.38 Gb, containing 20,821 protein-coding genes. Our phylogenomics analysis reveals that camels shared common(More)
Karyotypic diversification is more prominent in Equus species than in other mammals. Here, using next generation sequencing technology, we generated and de novo assembled quality genomes sequences for a male wild horse (Przewalski's horse) and a male domestic horse (Mongolian horse), with about 93-fold and 91-fold coverage, respectively. Portion of Y(More)
The abundance of gut microbiota can be viewed as a quantitative trait, which is affected by the genetics and environment of the host. To quantify the effects of host genetics, we calculated the heritability of abundance of specific microorganisms and genetic correlations among them in the gut microbiota of two lines of chickens maintained under the same(More)
The donkey, like the horse, is a promising model for exploring karyotypic instability. We report the de novo whole-genome assemblies of the donkey and the Asiatic wild ass. Our results reflect the distinct characteristics of donkeys, including more effective energy metabolism and better immunity than horses. The donkey shows a steady demographic trajectory.(More)
There are errors in the author affiliations. The affiliations should appear as shown here: He Meng, Yan Zhang, Lele Zhao, Wenjing Zhao, Chuan He, Christa F. Honaker, Zhengxiao Zhai, Zikui Sun, Paul B. Siegel * Corresponding authors { These authors contributed equally to this work 1. School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiaotong University; Shanghai(More)
Jinlong Huang, Yiping Zhao, Dongyi Bai, Wunierfu Shiraigol, Bei Li, Lihua Yang, Jing Wu, Wuyundalai Bao, Xiujuan Ren, Burenqiqige Jin, Qinan Zhao, Anaer Li, Sarula Bao, Wuyingga Bao, Zhencun Xing, Aoruga An, Yahan Gao, Ruiyuan Wei, Yirugeletu Bao, Taoketao Bao, Haige Han, Haitang Bai, Yanqing Bao, Yuhong Zhang, Dorjsuren Daidiikhuu, Wenjing Zhao, Shuyun(More)
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