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Exposure of cells to ionizing radiation leads to formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are associated with radiation-induced cytotoxicity. The antioxidant enzymes manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), are key intracellular antioxidants in the metabolism of ROS. We(More)
Use of appropriate types of cells could potentially improve the functionality and structure of tissue engineered constructs, but little is known about the optimal cell source for ligament tissue engineering. The object of this study was to determine the optimal cell source for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tissue engineering. Fibroblasts isolated from(More)
Although the intensification of therapy for children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) has substantially improved clinical outcomes, T-ALL remains an important challenge in pediatric oncology. Here, we report that the cooperative synergy between prostate apoptosis response factor-4 (Par-4) and THAP1 induces cell cycle and apoptosis regulator(More)
CONTEXT Programmed cell death 5 (PDCD5), a novel apoptotic regulatory gene, has been reported to be associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA), which can regulate the apoptosis of synoviocytes and chondrocytes cultured in vitro. OBJECTIVE To study expression characteristic of PDCD5 in plasma and synovial fluid of RA patients, and(More)
Introduction Osteoarthritis (OA) is the leading cause of disability in older persons, affecting 10% of the population 60 years of age. In the United States alone, there are currently at least 20 million persons afflicted with OA, which costs the economy approximately $60 billion annually. Eighty percent of individuals with OA have limited mobility and 25%(More)
Hydroxyapatite (HA) in 25%, 50% and 75% w/w fractions was incorporated into chitin solutions and processed into air- and freeze-dried materials. These HA-chitin materials were exposed to cell cultures and implanted into the intramusculature of a rat model. The HA-chitin materials were found to be non-cytotoxic and degraded in vivo. The presence of the HA(More)
A major challenge in the widespread application of human embryonic stem (hES) cells in clinical therapy and basic scientific research is the development of efficient cryopreservation protocols. Conventional slow-cooling protocols utilizing standard cryoprotectant concentrations i.e. 10% (v/v) DMSO, yield extremely low survival rates of <5% as reported by(More)
Tissue engineering has achieved much progress in an attempt to improve and recover impaired functions of tissues and organs. Although many studies have been done, progress for tissue-engineered anterior cruciate ligaments (ACLs) has been slow due to their complex structures and mechanical properties. In this review, the ACL anatomical structure, progresses(More)
Few-layered graphene sheets, synthesized by direct current arc-discharge method using NH(3) as one of the buffer gases, were dispersed in chitosan/acetic acid solutions. FTIR and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed the presence of oxygen-containing functional groups on the surface of graphene sheets that may assist the good dispersion of graphene in(More)
Biomedical application of silk requires the removal of sericin that is the gumming material of native silk fibers. This is because sericin can elicit an adverse immune response after implantation in the human body. However, the removal of sericin causes the silk fiber to fray and weakens its structural property, making it very difficult to knit or braid(More)