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Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) characterized by high voltage, low energy and non-thermal effects, have been broadly investigated as a potential tumor therapy; however, little is known about their effects on somatic cells. In this current study, we evaluated effects of nsPEFs on the phenotype of chondrocytes (morphology, glycosaminoglycan (GAG)(More)
Animal models are integral and indispensable for biomedical research and regenerative medicine studies, as these provide invaluable information for systemically evaluating the potential risks and efficacy of newly developed biomaterials, drugs, medical devices, and therapeutic modalities, prior to initiation of human clinical trials. Nevertheless, it is(More)
A simple magnetic force-based cell patterning method using soft lithogra-Cell patterning is gaining more and more attention regarding a wide range of applications including cell biology, tissue engineering, and biosensor technology, to name a few. Magnetic force provides a promising tool to pattern cells because it is of excellent biocompatibility, tunable(More)
  • Zigang Ge
  • 2014
Online courseware plays a vital part in e-learning, which is one important form of intelligent environments. To fulfill the requirements of e-learning and intelligent environments, courseware developers often have to receive specialized training. Fortunately, with the popularization of computers and the internet, there have appeared many kinds of(More)
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