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Stroke is one of the neurological diseases which lead to permanently neuronal damage after temporary or long-term occlusion of vessels or after heart attack. However, there are few efficient strategies to prevent or treat this kind of insult in clinical because the consequence is irreversible and could be long-lasting after the onset of stroke. Gene therapy(More)
An ultrasensitive microRNA (miRNA) assay employing electrocatalytic nanoparticle tags to meet the need of miRNA expression analysis is described in this report. The assay utilizes an indium tin oxide electrode on which oligonucleotide capture probes are immobilized. After hybridization with periodate-treated miRNA, the nanoparticle tags, isoniazid-capped(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of estradiol-pre-treated neural stem cells (NSCs) derived from rat hippocampi post-ischemic neurological recovery and neuronal survival, migration and differentiation in rats with cerebral ischemia. RESEARCH DESIGN A controlled laboratory study in animal model. METHODS AND PROCEDURE NSCs were cultured with (CE)(More)
BACKGROUND Restless legs syndrome (RLS) often responds to agents that enhance dopamine neurotransmission. The present 12-week study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and adverse events of pramipexole (PPX) for the treatment of adult, Chinese people with primary RLS. METHODS A total of 204 Chinese people with RLS were randomly assigned to receive either the(More)
The patients suffering from acidosis usually sign psychological deficits. The cerebral dysfunction is reportedly caused by an acid-induced functional impairment of GABAergic neurons; however, the role of pyramidal neurons in this process remains unclear. By using electrophysiological method and changing extracellular pH, we investigated the influence of(More)
Acidosis and alkalosis, associated with metabolic disorders, lead to the pathological changes of cognition and behaviors in clinical practices of neurology and psychology. Cellular mechanisms for these functional disorders in the central nervous system remain unclear. We have investigated the influences of acidosis and alkalosis on the functions of cortical(More)
Ischemic neuron death is presumably caused by excitotoxicity. Here, we studied whether ischemia impaired astrocytes and GABAergic neurons to exacerbate glutamate-dependent neural excitotoxicity by electrophysiologically recording these nerve cells in cortical slices. Our results showed that ischemia impaired the activity of glutamate-transporters (Glu-T) on(More)
An ultrasensitive electrochemical enzyme immunoassay (EEIA) for the detection of proteins on an 8x8 array is described. The assay is based on wired enzyme technology. Briefly, capture antibody was covalently immobilized on a self-assembled 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) monolayer coated gold electrode. After incubating with a target protein (antigen), the(More)
GABAergic neurons in the central nervous system are vulnerable to hazard situations, such as ischemia and toxic substances, under which their dysfunction results in neuronal excitotoxicity and subsequently cell death. How ischemia-related pathogenic factors influence the functions of different GABAergic neurons remains to be documented. We investigated this(More)
Dry eye is a common eye disease, and suitable animal models are indispensable for investigating the pathogenesis and developing treatments for dry eye. The present study was conducted to develop an androgen deficiency dry eye model induced by finasteride, and to evaluate ocular surface status and inflammatory cytokine gene expression in the lacrimal gland(More)