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Phloridzin (phlorizin or phloretin 2'-O-glucoside) is known for blocking intestinal glucose absorption. We have investigated the anticarcinogenic effect of phloridzin and its novel derivatives using human cancer cell lines. We have synthesised novel acylated derivatives of phloridzin with six different long chain fatty acids by regioselective enzymatic(More)
Flavonoids have shown promise as natural plant-based antioxidants for protecting lipids from oxidation. It was hypothesized that their applications in lipophilic food systems can be further enhanced by esterification of flavonoids with fatty acids. Quercetin-3-O-glucoside (Q3G) was esterified individually with six selected long chain fatty acids: stearic(More)
Our present investigation describes the regioselective enzymatic acylation of two series of acylated derivatives of phloridzin and isoquercitrin with six different long chain saturated, mono- and poly-unsaturated fatty acids. The biocatalytic synthesis was optimized to achieve 81-98% yields, using immobilized lipase B, from Candida antarctica (Novozym 435),(More)
Phloridzin or phlorizin (PZ) is a predominant phenolic compound found in apple and also used in various natural health products. Phloridzin shows poor absorption and cellular uptake due to its hydrophilic nature. The aim was to investigate and compare the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) ester of PZ (PZ-DHA) and its parent compounds (phloridzin and(More)
OBJECTIVE To prepare good quality screening cells reagent according to the standards, at Armed Forces Institute of Transfusion (AFIT). METHODS Random group O donors, seronegative for HBsAg, HCV and HIV were selected if they resided in Rawalpindi or Islamabad and could be contacted. Micro column Gel technique was used to find out R1R1, R1wr, R2R2 and rr(More)
A 21 year old female patient with primary amenorrhoea was diagnosed to have isolated gonadotropin deficiency with probable functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea. The evaluation included buccal smear for sex chromatin, trial of medroxy-progesterone acetate, trial of oestrogen-progesterone preparation and estimation of serum prolactin, gonadotrophin and(More)
This work compares a highly efficient and alternative method of sonication-assisted lipase catalyzed acylation of quercetin-3-O-glucoside and phloretin-2'-glucoside, using Candida antarctica lipase B (Novozyme 435(®)), with a range of fatty acids. In this study, sonication-assisted irradiation coupled with stirring has been found to be more efficient and(More)
Cellular oxidative stress causes detrimental effects to macromolecules, such as lipids, nucleic acids and proteins, leading to many pathological conditions. Quercetin-3-O-glucoside (Q3G), a glycosylated derivative of quercetin (Q), is a natural polyphenolic compound known to possess antioxidant activity. The hydrophilic/lipophilic nature of an antioxidant(More)
Smoking has become a global health concern due to its association with many disease conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cancer. Flavonoids are plant polyphenolic compounds, studied extensively for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic properties. Quercetin-3-O-glucoside(More)
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