Ziad C Sifri

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OBJECTIVE Angiographic embolization (AE) is a safe and effective method for controlling hemorrhage in both blunt and penetrating liver injuries. Improved survival after hepatic injuries has been documented using a multimodality approach; however, patients still have significant long-term morbidity. This study examines further the role of AE in both blunt(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow derived cells (BMDC) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are necessary for healing of injured tissues. Intravenous granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is known to induce mobilization of BMDC to peripheral blood and the tissue levels of the stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1) to be key in their homing to sites of injury. We(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a well-known complication of mechanical ventilation in severely injured patients. A subset of patients with VAP develop an associated bacteremia (B-VAP), but the risk factors, microbiology, morbidity, and mortality in this group are not well described. The goal of this study was to examine the incidence,(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) are hospitalized and monitored for progression of injury. The timeframe for ICH progression is unknown, and so the optimal duration and location of observation are generally discretionary. The goal of this study was to examine the temporal course of injury(More)
PURPOSE Injury to the male external genitalia is rare and, therefore, there are little data in the literature regarding the options for nonoperative management and outcome. To assist in defining the indications for nonoperative management the usefulness of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) organ injury scales for these injuries was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in the surgical intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Affected patients are at higher risk for infection with multi-drug-resistant (MDR) pathogens, often necessitating therapeutic regimens of two parenteral antibiotics. Aerosolized antibiotics achieve(More)
BACKGROUND The role of bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in healing of traumatic-induced injury remains poorly understood. Mesenteric lymph duct ligation (LDL) results in decreased BMDC mobilization and impaired healing. We hypothesized that LDL-mediated impaired healing would be abrogated by reinjection of BMDC or MSC. (More)
BACKGROUND Trauma and hemorrhagic shock (T/HS) has been demonstrated to result in bone marrow (BM) suppression and the release of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) into the peripheral blood in both human beings and experimental animals. HPC have also been identified in numerous end organs after T/HS and the ongoing loss of progenitor cells from the BM(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies proposed that repeat head computed tomography (RHCT) is of no value in patients with a minimal head injury (MHI) and normal neurologic examination (NE). The goal of our study was to investigate the value of RHCT in patients with MHI with an abnormal NE. METHODS A retrospective chart review of adult patients presenting to a(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow (BM) dysfunction is common in severely injured trauma patients, resulting from elevated catecholamines and plasma granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) as well as prolonged mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). We have previously shown that propranolol (β-blocker [BB]) reduces HPC mobilization in a rodent(More)