Zia Shariat-Madar

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Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) activates prekallikrein to plasma kallikrein, leading to bradykinin liberation, and degrades angiotensin II. We now identify PRCP as a regulator of blood vessel homeostasis. β-Galactosidase staining in PRCP(gt/gt) mice reveals expression in kidney and vasculature. Invasive telemetric monitorings show that PRCP(gt/gt) mice have(More)
The anorexigenic neuromodulator alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH; referred to here as alpha-MSH1-13) undergoes extensive posttranslational processing, and its in vivo activity is short lived due to rapid inactivation. The enzymatic control of alpha-MSH1-13 maturation and inactivation is incompletely understood. Here we have provided insight(More)
Our recent investigations have postulated a human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC)-associated prekallikrein activator (PKA). When prekallikrein (PK) assembles on high molecular weight kininogen on HUVEC, PK is activated to kallikrein. PKA was found in the 15,800 x g pellet of HUVEC lysates using an assay that measures PK activation only when bound to(More)
The serine protease prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP), isolated from human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), is a plasma prekallikrein (PK) activator. PRCP cDNA was cloned in pMT/BIP/V5-HIS-C, transfected into Schneider insect (S2) cells, and purified from serum-free media. Full-length recombinant PRCP (rPRCP) activates PK when bound to(More)
Prekallikrein (PK) activation on human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVEC) presumably leads to bradykinin liberation. On HUVEC, PK activation requires the presence of cell-bound high-molecular-weight kininogen (HK) and Zn(2+). We examined the Zn(2+) requirement for HK binding to and the consequences of PK activation on endothelial cells. Optimal HK binding(More)
Understanding the importance and physiologic activity of the plasma kallikrein/kinin system (KKS) has been thwarted by the absence of an inclusive theory for its assembly and activation. The contact activation hypothesis describes the assembly and activation of this system in test tubes and disease states, but not under physiologic circumstances. Recent(More)
Investigations determined the relative preference of prekallikrein (PK) or factor XI/XIa (FXI/FXIa) binding to endothelial cells (HUVECs). In microtiter plates, biotinylated high molecular weight kininogen (biotin-HK) or biotin-FXI binding to HUVEC monolayers or their matrix proteins, but not fibronectin-coated plastic microtiter plate wells, was(More)
Factor XII (FXII) and high molecular weight kininogen (HK) mutually block each other's binding to the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR). We investigated if FXII stimulates cells by interacting with uPAR. FXII (3-62nM) with 0.05mM Zn(2+) induces extracellular signal-related kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2; mitogen-activated protein kinase 44 [MAPK44] and(More)
We have previously cloned a cDNA encoding human prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) and expressed the cDNA in the Schneider 2 (S2) drosophila cell line. Here, we further characterized this recombinant enzyme. Investigations were performed to determine whether recombinant PRCP (rPRCP) metabolizes kinins (BK 1-9 and BK 1-8). The metabolites of these kinins were(More)
Plasma kallikrein kinin system (KKS) activation along with its cellular receptors expression are increased after injury and in patients with septic shock, hypotensive bacteremia and rhesus monkey infected with Salmonella typhimurium. KKS signaling cascade is activated by activated factor XII (FXIIa, Hageman factor)- and prolylcarboxypeptidase(More)