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Investigations determined the relative preference of prekallikrein (PK) or factor XI/XIa (FXI/FXIa) binding to endothelial cells (HUVECs). In microtiter plates, biotinylated high molecular weight kininogen (biotin-HK) or biotin-FXI binding to HUVEC monolayers or their matrix proteins, but not fibronectin-coated plastic microtiter plate wells, was(More)
The anorexigenic neuromodulator alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH; referred to here as alpha-MSH1-13) undergoes extensive posttranslational processing, and its in vivo activity is short lived due to rapid inactivation. The enzymatic control of alpha-MSH1-13 maturation and inactivation is incompletely understood. Here we have provided insight(More)
The serine protease prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP), isolated from human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), is a plasma prekallikrein (PK) activator. PRCP cDNA was cloned in pMT/BIP/V5-HIS-C, transfected into Schneider insect (S2) cells, and purified from serum-free media. Full-length recombinant PRCP (rPRCP) activates PK when bound to(More)
Our recent investigations have postulated a human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC)-associated prekallikrein activator (PKA). When prekallikrein (PK) assembles on high molecular weight kininogen on HUVEC, PK is activated to kallikrein. PKA was found in the 15,800 x g pellet of HUVEC lysates using an assay that measures PK activation only when bound to(More)
Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) activates prekallikrein to plasma kallikrein, leading to bradykinin liberation, and degrades angiotensin II. We now identify PRCP as a regulator of blood vessel homeostasis. β-Galactosidase staining in PRCP(gt/gt) mice reveals expression in kidney and vasculature. Invasive telemetric monitorings show that PRCP(gt/gt) mice have(More)
Understanding the importance and physiologic activity of the plasma kallikrein/kinin system (KKS) has been thwarted by the absence of an inclusive theory for its assembly and activation. The contact activation hypothesis describes the assembly and activation of this system in test tubes and disease states, but not under physiologic circumstances. Recent(More)
Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) is involved in regulating the blood flow through active tissues in order to preserve the internal environment. The expression of PRCP in tissues is determined by a number of pharmacological stimuli such as glucocorticoids and a combination of dexamethasone plus the mu-opioid receptor agonist [D-Ala2, N-Me-Phe4,(More)
Factor XII (FXII) and high molecular weight kininogen (HK) mutually block each other's binding to the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR). We investigated if FXII stimulates cells by interacting with uPAR. FXII (3-62nM) with 0.05mM Zn(2+) induces extracellular signal-related kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2; mitogen-activated protein kinase 44 [MAPK44] and(More)
The cellular localization of human cytokeratin 1 (CK1), urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), and gC1qR, high-molecular-weight kininogen (HK)-binding proteins on endothelial cells, was determined. CK1 was found on the external membrane of nonpermeabilized endothelial cells by immunoperoxidase staining, immunofluorescence, and transmission(More)
The mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+ antiporter plays a key role in the physiological regulation of intramitochondrial Ca2+, which in turn attunes mitochondrial enzymes to the changing demands of the cell for ATP. We have now purified the Na+/Ca2+ antiporter from beef heart mitochondria by assaying detergent-solubilized chromatography fractions for reconstitutive(More)