Zia Shariat-Madar

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BACKGROUND Prolylcarboxypeptidase (Prcp) gene, along with altered PRCP and kallikrein levels, have been implicated in inflammation pathogenesis. PRCP regulates angiotensin 1-7 (Ang 1-7) - and bradykinin (BK) - stimulated nitric oxide production in endothelial cells. The mechanism through which kallikrein expression is altered during infection is not fully(More)
We argue that the potential benefits of developing high-fidelity models of biological communication systems has enormous potential in terms of enhancing the understanding of biological systems and that such understanding is a major step towards detection and treatment of disease. By focusing on lysosomal enzyme response to stimuli, we demonstrate that the(More)
The cellular localization of human cytokeratin 1 (CK1), urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), and gC1qR, high-molecular-weight kininogen (HK)-binding proteins on endothelial cells, was determined. CK1 was found on the external membrane of nonpermeabilized endothelial cells by immunoperoxidase staining, immunofluorescence, and transmission(More)
Recently, we serendipitously discovered that mice with the deficiency of the enzyme prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) have elevated alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) levels which lead to decreased food intake and weight loss. This suggests that PRCP is an endogenous inactivator of alpha-MSH and an appetite stimulant. Since a modest weight loss(More)
Muscarinic receptor stimulation elicits a redistribution of calmodulin (CaM) from the membrane fraction to cytosol in the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-SH. Increasing the intracellular Ca2+ concentration with ionomycin also elevates cytosolic CaM. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of extracellular and intracellular Ca2+ pools in the(More)
A novel redox-responsive amphiphilic polymer was synthesized with bioreductive trimethyl-locked quinone propionic acid for a potential triggered drug delivery application. The aim of this study was to synthesize and characterize the redox-responsive amphiphilic block copolymer micelles containing pendant bioreductive quinone propionic acid (QPA) switches.(More)
In this study we investigated the neurotrophic actions of vorinostat (suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid, SAHA), a class I and class II HDAC inhibitor, on the differentiation of Neuroscreen-1 (NS-1) cells. NS-1 cell is a subclone of the rat pheochromocytoma cell line (PC 12). Vorinostat independently induced neurite outgrowth in NS-1 cells. The NS-1 cells were(More)
Stimulation of muscarinic receptors by carbachol and activation of protein kinase C elicits the translocation of calmodulin (CaM) from membranes to cytosol in the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-SH. Our previous studies have suggested a role for protein kinase C in the regulation of CaM redistribution. To explore further the role of protein kinase C in(More)
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