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Ca2+ signaling plays a vital role in regulating apoptosis and autophagy. We previously proved that cytosolic Ca2+ overload is involved in cadmium (Cd)-induced apoptosis in rat proximal tubular (rPT) cells, but the source of elevated cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]c) and the effect of potential subcellular Ca2+ redistribution on apoptosis and autophagy(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating epidemiological evidence shows that life event stressors are major vulnerability factors for psychiatric diseases such as major depression. It is also well known that the resident intruder paradigm (RIP) results in aggressive behavior in male rats. However, it is not known how resident intruder paradigm-induced aggression affects(More)
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