Zi Zhao Lieu

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Four mammalian golgins are specifically targeted to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) membranes via their C-terminal GRIP domains. The TGN golgins, p230/golgin-245 and golgin-97, are recruited via the GTPase Arl1, whereas the TGN golgin GCC185 is recruited independently of Arl1. Here we show that GCC185 is localized to a region of the TGN distinct from Arl1 and(More)
Retrograde transport pathways from early/recycling endosomes to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) are poorly defined. We have investigated the role of TGN golgins in retrograde trafficking. Of the four TGN golgins, p230/golgin-245, golgin-97, GCC185, and GCC88, we show that GCC88 defines a retrograde transport pathway from early endosomes to the TGN. Depletion(More)
The transmembrane precursor of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) exits the trans-Golgi network (TGN) in tubular carriers for subsequent trafficking and delivery to the cell surface; however, the molecular machinery responsible for Golgi export is unknown. We previously reported that members of the TGN golgin family are associated with subdomains and tubules(More)
Podosomes represent a class of integrin-mediated cell-matrix adhesions formed by migrating and matrix-degrading cells. We demonstrate that in macrophage-like THP1 cells and fibroblasts stimulated to produce podosomes, down-regulation of the G-protein ARF1 or the ARF1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor, ARNO, by small, interfering RNA or pharmacological(More)
The retrograde transport pathways from early/recycling endosomes are critical for recycling a range of endogenous cargo, as well as internalisation of bacterial and plant toxins. We have previously shown that the retrograde transport of the two model cargos, TGN38 and Shiga toxin, differs in the requirement for TGN golgins; transport of TGN38 requires the(More)
The trans-Golgi network (TGN) is a major traffic hub of the cell, as it regulates membrane transport in the secretory pathway as well as receiving protein cargo by retrograde transport from endocytic compartments. Retrograde transport between endosomes and the TGN is essential for the recycling of membrane proteins which regulate a range of cellular and(More)
The endopeptidase furin and the trans-Golgi network protein TGN38 are membrane proteins that recycle between the TGN and plasma membrane. TGN38 is transported by a retromer-dependent pathway from early endosomes to the TGN, whereas the intracellular transport of furin is poorly defined. Here we have identified the itinerary and transport requirements of(More)
Actin filaments, with the aid of multiple accessory proteins, self-assemble into a variety of network patterns. We studied the organization and dynamics of the actin network in nonadhesive regions of cells bridging fibronectin-coated adhesive strips. The network was formed by actin nodes associated with and linked by myosin II and containing the formin(More)
To understand how cells form tissues, we need to understand how the tyrosine kinases are involved in controlling cell mechanics, whether they act directly as parts of mechanosensing machines or indirectly. Cells test the critical parameter of matrix rigidity by locally contracting ("pinching") matrices and measuring forces, and the depletion of contractile(More)
IL-10 is a key anti-inflammatory cytokine secreted by activated macrophages as a feedback control mechanism to prevent excessive inflammatory responses. Here, we define multiple intracellular trafficking pathways involved in the secretion of newly synthesized IL-10 from macrophages following TLR4 activation with LPS, and show how this relates to the(More)