Zi-Qiang Cheng

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Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) promote tumor progression. The mechanisms of MDSC development during tumor growth remain unknown. Tumor exosomes (T-exosomes) have been implicated to play a role in immune regulation, however the role of exosomes in the induction of MDSCs is unclear. Our previous work demonstrated that exosomes isolated from tumor(More)
Although the liver has been considered the most important organ involved in glucuronidation, recent studies have focused on the role of the gastrointestinal tract in the glucuronidation of xenobiotics and endobiotics. Two UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms of human intestinal mucosa, which are absent in liver, have been identified by reverse(More)
Exosomes released from different types of cells have been proposed to contribute to intercellular communication. We report that thymic exosome-like particles (ELPs) released from cells of the thymus can induce the development of Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells in the lung and liver. Thymic ELPs also induce the conversion of thymic CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells(More)
In this study we observed that mice pretreated with tumor exosomes had a significant acceleration of tumor metastasis in the lung. Tumor metastasis correlated significantly with an increase in recruitment of more Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in the lung of C57BL/6j (B6) mice pretreated with tumor exosomes. These effects were blunted when MyD88(More)
Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection was determined in sera of 632 dogs (551 pets, 81 strays) from Shandong, Henan, and Heilongjiang Provinces, and in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China (PRC), using the indirect hemagglutination assay (cutoff titer 1:64 or higher); 11.1% were seropositive. The seroprevalence in stray(More)
In the 3 years leading up to November 2009, 6 different types of naturally occurring neoplasms associated with avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) were diagnosed by histopathology, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 140 layer hens out of approximately 100,000. The most prevalent tumor type was hemangioma (50%) in(More)
Myeloid leukosis (ML) cases were first diagnosed in a chicken flock of Chinese local breed in Shan dong province. The main symptom included wasting, weight loss, anemia. It caused about 10% mortality of about 15000 birds at the age of 120-day. In the necropsy, gray-white nodules and protrusions in various sizes were commonly observed on the surface of the(More)
The genetic diversity of avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) is determined not only by the env gene, but also by its 3' UTR and 3' LTR. They all play important roles in extending the host range and tumour development. In the present study, one ALV-J strain (ZB110604-6) from Black-Bone Silky Fowl (BSF) and three ALV-J strains (ZB110604-3/4/5) from grey(More)
UNLABELLED Chronic inflammation plays a critical role in promoting obesity-related disorders, such as fatty liver disease. The inflammatory cells that mediate these effects remain unknown. This study investigated the accumulation of immature myeloid cells in the liver and their role in liver inflammation. We found that the accumulation of immature myeloid(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was performed in this study to amplify the major surface protein 5 (msp5) gene from the genomic DNA of Anaplasma marginale in Hyalomma asiaticum ticks by species-specific primers. Sequence analysis showed that the msp5 gene was 643 bases long and that the PCR products from the samples had an identical sequence(More)