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Since the pioneering studies of Carpenter & Narin (1983), and Narin & Noma (1985), non-patent references (NPRs) in patent documents have been widely used as an indicator of science-technology links. Meyer (2000) reviewed previous work in the patent citation literature and found that citation links between patents and papers are, if not explicitly, at least(More)
Knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) have been posited to play a critical role as innovation agent and knowledge broker in the new economy. While a substantial part of the literature on KIBS stresses their function as an innovation agent to their clients’ innovation process and their contributions to knowledge transfer and diffusion in innovation(More)
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