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The (R)- and (S)-optical isomers of 9 epoxides, benzyloxymethyloxirane, epichlorohydrin, glycidol, glycidyl 3-nitrobenzenesulfonate, glycidyl 4-nitrobenzoate, glycidyl tosylate, styrene oxide, glycidyl 1-naphthyl ether and glycidyl 4-nitrophenyl ether, have been compared for their in vivo and in vitro genotoxicity. The in vitro short-term test employed was(More)
Benzidine and its 3,3'-diamino, 3,3'-dimethyl, 3,3'-dimethoxy, 3,3'-difluoro, 3,3'-dichloro, 3,3'-dibromo, 3,3'-dicarbomethoxy and 3,3'-dinitro derivatives together with 2-nitrobenzidine and 3-nitrobenzidine were compared for their in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity. Relative mutagenicity was established with Salmonella strains TA98, TA98/1,8-DNP6 and TA100(More)
4-Amino-4'-substituted biphenyls and 4-aminostilbenes substituted in the 3' or 4' position were studied for their in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity. The in vitro mutagenicity of the biphenyls with and without S9 activation was established with Salmonella strains TA98 and TA100 and that of the stilbenes with the same strains plus TA98/1,8-DNP6. The in vivo(More)
4-Nitrostilbene and twelve of its derivatives (eleven E-stilbenes and two Z-stilbenes) were examined for possible quantitative structure-activity relationships of their in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity. Relative mutagenicity was studied with and without S9 activation in Salmonella strains TA98 and TA100, as well as in the nitroreductase deficient strains(More)
A leucine aminopeptidase Lap1 was cloned from Aspergillus sojae GIM3.30. The truncated Lap1 without a signal peptide was over-expressed in P. pastoris, and the enzymatic characteristics of recombinant Lap1 (rLap1) were tested. The rLap1 was about 36.7 kDa with an optimal pH 8.0 and optimal temperature 50 °C for substrate Leu-p-nitroanilide and it sustained(More)
Benzidine and 12 related aromatic amines have been studied for the effects of substituent groups and pi orbital conjugation on their genotoxicity as measured by their mutagenicity in vitro with Salmonella and by chromosomal aberrations (CA) in vivo in the bone-marrow cells of mice. The in vitro studies indicated increases in mutagenicity with increases in(More)
The detoxication of the enantiomers of glycidyl 4-nitrophenyl ether (GNPE), (-)-(R)- and (+)-(S)-GNPE, and glycidyl 1-naphthyl ether (GNE), (-)-(R)- and (+)-(S)-GNE, by rat liver glutathione transferase and epoxide hydrolase was studied. Enantioselectivity was observed with both enzymes favoring the (R)-isomers as determined by the formation of conjugate,(More)
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