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AIM AND METHODS Simvastatin (SV) is reported to improve cognition and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study explored the mechanisms underlying the antiamnesic effect of SV in AD using behavior tests, histological examination, western blot analysis, and electrophysiological recording technique in AD model mice created by(More)
AIM AND METHODS Changes in cerebrospinal fluid osmotic pressure modulate brain excitability. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4), which is sensitive to hypotonic stimulation, is expressed in hippocampus. The present study investigated the effect of hypotonic stimulation on hippocampal synaptic transmission and the role of TRPV4 in(More)
AIMS This study investigated the influence of sigma-1 receptor (σ1 R) deficiency on adult neurogenesis. METHODS We employed 8-week-old male σ1 R knockout (σ1 R(-/-) ) mice to examine the proliferation and differentiation of progenitor cells, and the survival and neurite growth of newborn neurons in hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). RESULTS In comparison(More)
JWA (Arl6ip5), a homologous gene of glutamate-transporter-associated protein 3-18 (GTRAP3-18) and addicsin, is highly expressed in hippocampus. We generated systemic and neuronal JWA knockout (JWA-KO and JWA-nKO) mice to investigate the influence of JWA deficiency on spatial cognitive performance, process of neurogenesis, and induction of long-term(More)
Male sigma-1 receptor knockout (σ1R(-/-)) mice showed depressive-like phenotype with deficit in the survival of newly generated neuronal cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG), but female σ1R(-/-) mice did not. The level of serum estradiol (E2) at proestrus or diestrus did not differ between female σ1R(-/-) mice and wild-type (WT) mice. Ovariectomized(More)
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