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Th17 cells require IL-6 and TGFbeta for lineage commitment and IL-23 for maintenance. Unexpectedly, naive IL-6(-/-) splenocytes stimulated with anti-CD3 and IL-23 produced normal amounts of IL-17 during the first 24 h of culture. These rapid IL-6-independent IL-17 producers were identified as predominantly DX5(+) TCRbeta(+) NKT cells, and a comparable(More)
mAbs directed against the alpha-chain (Tac/CD25) of the IL-2R are an emerging therapy in both transplantation and autoimmune disease. However, the mechanisms underlying their therapeutic efficacy have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we examined the effect of IL-2R blockade on Th1 and Th2 cytokine production from human PBMC. Addition of a humanized(More)
hrombospondin (TSP)-1 has been reported to modulate T cell behavior both positively and negatively. We found that these opposing responses arise from interactions of TSP1 with two different T cell receptors. The integrin ␣ 4 ␤ 1 recognizes an LDVP sequence in the NH 2-terminal domain of TSP1 and was required for stimulation of T cell adhesion, chemotaxis,(More)
The expression of the glucocorticoid induced TNF receptor family related gene (GITR) in subsets of T lymphocytes from human peripheral blood was studied. In normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, GITR expression on the resting CD4+ T cells was low but markedly increased after activation. The percentage of GITR+ T cells in the CD4+CD25+ T cell(More)
Cell surface proteoglycans on T cells contribute to retroviral infection, binding of chemokines and other proteins, and are necessary for some T cell responses to the matricellular glycoprotein thrombospondin-1. The major cell surface proteoglycans expressed by primary T cells and Jurkat T cells have an apparent M(r) > 200,000 and are modified with(More)
Thrombospondin (TSP)-1 has been reported to modulate T cell behavior both positively and negatively. We found that these opposing responses arise from interactions of TSP1 with two different T cell receptors. The integrin alpha4beta1 recognizes an LDVP sequence in the NH2-terminal domain of TSP1 and was required for stimulation of T cell adhesion,(More)
In vivo blockade of the human IL-2R by mAb has been used for immunosuppression in transplantation, therapy for leukemia, and autoimmune diseases. In this study, we report that administration of a humanized IL-2R blocking Ab induced a 4- to 20-fold expansion of CD56(bright) regulatory NK cells in uveitis patients over time. The induced CD56(bright)(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the ophthalmic and systemic autoimmune findings after successful adoptive cell transfer of ex vivo expanded, autologous tumor-reactive tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) for metastatic melanoma. DESIGN Retrospective, interventional case report. PARTICIPANT A 35-year-old man who underwent immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma with(More)
PURPOSE High-temperature requirement serine protease (HTRA1) was identified as a candidate age-related macular degeneration gene in multiple genetic studies in humans. To date, no functional studies have shown a mechanism for HTRA1 to instigate ocular tissue abnormalities. In the present study, the authors focused on a substrate of HTRA1, fibronectin,(More)
We examined the regulation of alpha4beta1 integrin function in melanoma cells and T cells by ligands of CD47. A CD47 antibody (B6H12) that inhibited alphavbeta3-mediated adhesion of melanoma cells induced by CD47-binding peptides from thrombospondin-1 directly stimulated alpha4beta1-mediated adhesion of the same cells to vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(More)