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We identify berberine (BBR), a compound isolated from a Chinese herb, as a new cholesterol-lowering drug. Oral administration of BBR in 32 hypercholesterolemic patients for 3 months reduced serum cholesterol by 29%, triglycerides by 35% and LDL-cholesterol by 25%. Treatment of hyperlipidemic hamsters with BBR reduced serum cholesterol by 40% and(More)
Heat stress cognate 70 (Hsc70) is a host protein associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication. The goal of this study was to investigate whether Hsc70 could be an anti-HBV drug target. Our results showed that introducing Hsc70 increased HBV replication in HBV(+) human hepatocytes (HepG2.2.15 cells). The coiled-coil region on Hsc70 (nucleotides 1533(More)
Aurora kinases have emerged as promising targets for cancer therapy because of their critical role in mitosis. These kinases are well-conserved in all eukaryotes, and IPL1 gene encodes the single Aurora kinase in budding yeast. In a virtual screening attempt, 22 compounds were identified from nearly 15,000 microbial natural products as potential(More)
Salidroside (SAL) is one of main active components of Rhodiola rosea L. and possesses diverse pharmacological effects. However, the direct role of SAL in bone metabolism remains elusive. In this study, effects of SAL on osteoblast differentiation of murine pluripotent mesenchymal cell line C3H10T1/2 and osteoblastic cell line MC3T3-E1 were examined. We(More)
A new polyphenol, designated as salvianolic acid N, was isolated from the aqueous extracts of the roots of Salvia yunnanensis. Its chemical structure was elucidated as 3-(3,4-dihydroxylphenyl)-2-[(E)-3-(1,8,9-trihydroxyl-dibenzo[b,f]oxpin-3-yl)acryloxloxy]propanoic acid (1) on the basis of NMR and MS spectral analyses. The new polyphenol inhibited both(More)
APOBEC3G (hA3G) is a host inhibitor for human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1). However, HIV-1 Vif binds hA3G and induces its degradation. We have established a screening system to discover inhibitors that protect hA3G from Vif-mediated degradation. Through screening, compounds IMB-26 and IMB-35 were identified to be specific inhibitors for the(More)
A series of novel glutarimide compounds were synthesized and their antiviral activities were evaluated. The compounds displaying the strongest antiviral activities included 5, 6f, 7e and 9 against coxsackievirus B3 (Cox B3), 10 and 6f against influenza virus A (influenza A) and 7a against herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2). However, most of the synthetic(More)
Natural product berberine (BBR) has been reported to have hypoglycemic and insulin-sensitizing activities; however, its mechanism remains unclear. This study was designed to investigate the molecular mechanism of BBR against insulin resistance. Here, we identify insulin receptor (InsR) as a target of BBR to increase insulin sensitivity. In cultured human(More)
Pharmaceutical counterfeiting is becoming a serious problem in the world, especially in developing countries including China. Herein an isocratic reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method was developed for screening counterfeit medicines and adulterated dietary supplement products. The developed method could be employed to(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the major causative agent of hand foot and mouth disease. And EV71 causes epidemics worldwide, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. Unfortunately, currently there is no approved vaccine or antiviral drug for EV71-induced disease prevention and therapy. In screening for anti-EV71 candidates, we found that 7-hydroxyisoflavone was(More)