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Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods based on natural enzyme-labeled probes have been applied in the immunoassays, but most have some inevitable limitations (e.g. harsh preparation, purification and storage) and are unsuitable for routine use. Herein we synthesized a new class of irregular-shaped platinum nanoparticles (ISPtNP) with a mean(More)
A novel multiplexed stripping voltammetric immunoassay protocol was designed for the simultaneous detection of multiple biomarkers (CA 125, CA 15-3, and CA 19-9 used as models) using PAMAM dendrimer-metal sulfide quantum dot (QD) nanolabels as distinguishable signal tags and trifunctionalized magnetic beads as an immunosensing probe. The probe was prepared(More)
The development of signal-amplified colorimetric immunoassay relies on the design of highly efficient signal-transduction tags. One promising route is to exploit a novel enzyme mimetic system as the signal label. Herein, we report that urchin-like (gold core)@(platinum shell) nanohybrids (Au@PtNHs) can be utilized as a highly efficient peroxidase mimetic(More)
A new sandwich-type impedimetric immunosensor based on functionalized graphene oxide nanosheets with a high ratio of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and detection antibody was developed for the detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) by coupling with enzymatic biocatalytic precipitation of 4-chloro-1-naphthol (4-CN) on the captured antibody-modified glassy(More)
A novel reverse colorimetric immunoassay (RCIA) strategy was for the first time designed and utilized for sensitive detection of low-abundance protein (prostate-specific antigen, PSA, used in this case) in biological fluids by coupling highly catalytic efficient catalase with magnetic bead-based peroxidase mimics. To construct such a RCIA system, two(More)
Methods based on enzyme labels have been developed for colorimetric immunoassays, but most involve poor sensitivity and are unsuitable for routine use. Herein, we design an enhanced colorimetric immunoassay for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) coupling with an enzyme-cascade-amplification strategy (ECAS-CIA). In the presence of target PSA, the labeled(More)
Nanostructure-based visual assay has been developed for determination of enzymatic activity, but most involve in poor visible color resolution and are not suitable for routine utilization. Herein, we designed a high-resolution colorimetric protocol based on gold/silver core/shell nanorod for visual readout of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity by using(More)
A new electrochemical immunosensing protocol was designed for detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA, as a model protein) by using graphene-carried poly(o-phenylenediamine)/gold hybrid nanosheets (GNPGs) as signal tags on the hierarchical dendritic gold microstructures (HDGMs)-modified glassy carbon electrode. To prepare the signal tags,(More)
A facile and simple electrochemical immunoassay for ultrasensitive determination of streptomycin residues (STR) in food was designed by using nanogold-assembled mesoporous silica (GMSNs) as bionanolabels on a three-dimensional redox-active organosilica-functionalized sensing interface. To construct such a sensing interface, we initially synthesized(More)
A label-free, non-enzyme immunosensing strategy is designed for ultrasensitive electronic detection of disease-related proteins (carcinoembryonic antigen as a model) by using gold nanoparticle-based bio-bar codes and an in situ amplified DNA-based hybridization chain reaction.