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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hourglass cells (HGCs) are prominent cells in the soybean seed coat, and have potential use as 'phytofactories' to produce specific proteins of interest. Previous studies have shown that HGCs initiate differentiation at about 9 d post-anthesis (dpa), assuming their characteristic morphology by 18 dpa. This study aims to document the(More)
A bioassay-guided isolation of an ethanol extract of the fruit of Piper longum L. yielded piperlonguminine, piperine and pipernonaline, as the main antihyperlipidemic constituents. They exhibit appreciable antihyperlipidemic activity in vivo, which is comparable to that of the commercial antihyperlipidemic drug, simvastatin.
An anticancer-bioassay guided isolation of the ethanol extract and fractions of two plants from the Peruvian rainforest, Mikania decora and Cremastosperma microcarpum, led to the characterization of one abundant diterpene, ent-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic acid (1), three thymol derivatives, 10-acetoxy-8,9-dehydro-6-methoxythymol butyrate (2),(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a common infection in adults (seropositive 60-99% globally), and is associated with cardiovascular diseases, in line with risk factors such as hypertension and atherosclerosis. Several viral infections are linked to hypertension, including human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8) and HIV-1. The mechanisms of how viral infection(More)
Recently, our group reported the discovery of three new withanolides, physangulidines A-C, from Physalis angulata. In this study, the biological effects of physangulidine A (1), which was the most active and abundant of the three new constituents, are described. It was found that 1 significantly reduces survival in clonogenic assays for two(More)
Bioassay-directed fractionation of the whole plant of Physalis angulata L. afforded three new antiproliferative withanolides with an unusual carbon framework: physangulidines A (1), B (2), and C (3). Structures of the three isomeric withanolides were determined by a combination of HRMS, NMR spectroscopic, and X-ray crystallographic methods. Each has shown(More)
Methods for the stereocontrolled construction of 1,1'-disaccharides, 2-deoxy glycosides, and orthoesters are reported. Specifically, a tin-acetal moiety was utilized to fix the anomeric stereochemistry of a carbohydrate acceptor leading to an efficient and stereoselective synthesis of 1,1'-disaccharides, while a newly discovered 1,2-phenylseleno migration(More)
Allenyl carbinol ester 3 isomerizes to an E,Z mixture of the corresponding diene 2 in the presence of gold catalyst 4, but the resulting mixture yields monofluoroalkyl α,β-unsaturated ketone 1 with exclusive E selectivity and in high yields after reaction with Selectfluor.
The gold-catalyzed intramolecular oxygen-transfer reactions of 2-alkynyl-1,5-diketones or 2-alkynyl-5-ketoesters-obtained from tetra-n-butylammonium fluoride mediated Michael addition of activated allenes to electron-deficient olefins-furnished cyclopentenyl ketones under very mild conditions. These reactions proceeded much easier and faster than similar(More)
A series of piperic acid derivatives were designed and synthesized from piperine/piperlonguminine, and their antihyperlipidemic activities evaluated in diet-induced hyperlipidemic rats with respect to simvastatin. Two promising analogues 3 and 10 were discovered and their antihyperlipidemic activities were comparable to or better than those of simvastatin.
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