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The shikimate pathway enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate 3-phosphate synthase (EPSPs) is the target of nonselective herbicide glyphosate. A partial rice epsps cDNA was generated by RT-PCR with primers designed according to EST sequence in GenBank and used as probe for rice genomic library screening. In a screen of approximately 8.0 ×104 clones from the rice(More)
Codon-optimization refers to the alteration of gene sequences, to make codon usage match the available tRNA pool within the cell/species of interest. Codon-optimization has emerged as a powerful tool to increase protein expression by genes from small RNA and DNA viruses, which commonly contain overlapping reading frames as well as structural elements that(More)
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a ubiquitous T-lymphotropic betaherpesvirus that encodes two G protein-coupled receptor homologs, U12 and U51. HHV-6A U51 has been reported to bind to CC chemokines including RANTES, but the biological function of U51 remains uncertain. In this report, we stably expressed short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) specific for U51 in(More)
In order to study the trafficking and signal transduction mechanisms of the multiple opioid receptors, these receptors are expressed either transiently or stably in cell lines. Often, it is difficult to express receptors at a sufficiently high density to obtain reproducible results. To achieve a high density of receptors, replication-defective adenovirus(More)
The Gyrobot is a gyroscopically stabilized, single-wheeled robot. A fast spinning flywheel mounted inside the frame provides lateral stability of the wheel-shaped robot. Steering of the robot is effectuated by tilting the flywheel with the help of a tilt motor, and forward/backward motion is implemented by another motor mounted on the heavy platform. This(More)
Conventional design of a mobile robot ensures its stability by keeping the gravity vector through the center of mass inside the structure's polygon of support determined by the contact points between the structure and the ground. This assumption of quasi-static stability fails to hold when the robot moves at high speed as the inertial forces become(More)
— A 3-Dimensional simulation platform developed as an aid for designing complex mechatronics system is presented in this paper. It uses ADAMS for simulation with animation of the dynamic behavior of the mechanism whose parts are drawn using a 3-D drawing software e.g., SolidWorks. The overall simulation platform integrates the 3-D simulator ADAMS with(More)
Virologic surveillance is a critical component of measles management. One of the criteria for verification of elimination of endemic measles is genetic analysis of wild-type viruses to demonstrate lack of an indigenous genotype. Measles is yet to be eliminated in China, and genotype H1 has been detected continuously since virologic surveillance was(More)